Adverse drug reactions: Report of the Australian Veterinary Association Adverse Drug Reaction Subcommittee, 1994



Seventy-seven reports of suspected adverse drug reactions (ADRs) were received by the Adverse Drug Reaction Subcommittee (ADRSc) of the Australian Veterinary Association from April 1993 to December 1994 inclusive.

The number of reports received/number of animals involved per species were: dogs (32/44), cats (18/31), horses (17/48), and cattle (10/21). Of these, 49 (64%) were classified as definite ADRs and 9 (12%) as probable ADRs. In 11 (14%) reports an ADR could not be substantiated or there was insufficient information available to make a decision. Eight reports were not classified because the manufacturer and the ADRSc disagreed as to the appropriate classification.

Sixteen reports involved apparent hypersensitivity reactions, which resulted in death on 6 occasions. Six reports were associated with ‘off label’ use and 1 report with use of an expired product. Of the definite, probable and unclassified reports of suspect ADRs, the most frequent types of drugs involved were antimicrobial drugs (13 reports), anthelmintics (13), insecticides (11), vaccines (10), nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory preparations (5), chondroprotective agents (4), anaesthetic/sedative agents (4) and vitamin preparations (2). Single reports concerning definite, probable or unclassified ADRs to a vasodilator, a corticosteroid, a local anaesthetic and a disinfectant were received.