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Keywords:

  • Dog;
  • phenobarbitone;
  • anticonvulsant;
  • dexamethasone suppression test;
  • urinary corticoid: creatinine ratio;
  • human.

Objectives To investigate potential effects of phenobarbitone on the low-dose dexamethasone suppression (LDDS) test and urinary corticoid to creatinine ratio in dogs in a controlled prospective study and in a clinical setting.

Animals Ten crossbreed experimental dogs and 10 client-owned dogs of mixed breeds treated chronically with phenobarbitone to control seizures.

Procedures Experimental dogs were allocated to treatment (6 mg/kg oral phenobarbitone, n = 6) and control (n = 4) groups. LDDS tests (dexamethasone 0.01 mg/kg intravenously, cortisol concentration determined at 0, 2, 4, 6 and 8 h) were conducted repeatedly over a 3-month period. Urinary corticoid to creatinine ratios were measured before LDDS tests. A single LDDS test was performed on 10 epileptic dogs.

Results LDDS and urinary corticoid to creatinine ratios in dogs were not affected by treatment with phenobarbitone.

Conclusions Phenobarbitone does not interfere with LDDS testing regardless of dosage or treatment time. Urinary corticoid to creatinine ratios are also unaffected.