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PHOTODYNAMIC THERAPY OF CHEMICALLY- AND ULTRAVIOLET B RADIATION-INDUCED MURINE SKIN PAPILLOMAS BY CHLOROALUMINUM PHTHALOCYANINE TETRASULFONATE

Authors

  • Rajesh Agarwal,

    1. Department of Dermatology, Skin Diseases Research Center, University Hospitals of Cleveland, Case Western Reserve University and Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Cleveland, OH 44106, USA
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  • Mohammad Athar,

    1. Department of Dermatology, Skin Diseases Research Center, University Hospitals of Cleveland, Case Western Reserve University and Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Cleveland, OH 44106, USA
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  • Craig A. Elmets,

    1. Department of Dermatology, Skin Diseases Research Center, University Hospitals of Cleveland, Case Western Reserve University and Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Cleveland, OH 44106, USA
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  • David R. Bickers,

    1. Department of Dermatology, Skin Diseases Research Center, University Hospitals of Cleveland, Case Western Reserve University and Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Cleveland, OH 44106, USA
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  • Hasan Mukhtar

    Corresponding author
    1. Department of Dermatology, Skin Diseases Research Center, University Hospitals of Cleveland, Case Western Reserve University and Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Cleveland, OH 44106, USA
      *Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center.
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*Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center.

Abstract

Abstract— Photodynamic therapy (PDT) of cancer combines irradiation of tumors with visible light following selective uptake of the photosensitizer by the tumor cells. PhotofrinR-II (Pf-II) is the only photosensitizer which is in clinical use in PDT, whereas chloroaluminum phthalocyanine tetrasulfonate (AIPcTS) has also shown promise in preclinical studies. In most such studies, the effectiveness of the photosensitizers has been assessed in implanted tumor model systems rather than in model systems where tumors are allowed to grow in their own connective tissue matrix. In this study the pharmacoki-netics, tumor ablation capability and cutaneous photosensitization response of AlPcTS have been assessed in mice bearing chemically- and ultraviolet B radiation (UVB)-induced benign skin papillomas. When tumor-bearing animals were injected intraperitoneally with AlPcTS (5 mg/kg body wt), maximum tumor:normal skin ratio of 2.4 was observed at 48 h, at which time the mice were irradiated within the absorption spectrum of the photosensitizer. In tumor ablation studies with SENCAR mice bearing chemically-induced skin tumors, AlPcTS resulted in greater than 80% ablation in tumor volume at 20 days post-irradiation. In cutaneous photosensitization response, AlPcTS produced only transient effects (no effect after 24 h) in SENCAR mice. Pharmacokinetics data, tumor ablation effects and cutaneous photosensitization response of AlPcTS were comparable in SKH-1 hairless mice bearing UVB-induced skin tumors. Our data indicate that AlPcTS produces significant photodynamic effects towards the ablation of murine skin tumors, and that it does not produce prolonged cutaneous photosensitivity.

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