Abstract— We compared the induction of cyclobutane thymine dimers after exposure to 302 nm UV in foreskin-derived melanocytes and melanocytes from nevocellular nevi, as well as in melanocytes cultured from dysplastic nevi, precursor lesions of melanoma, derived from four, three and four individuals, respectively. Cyclobutane thymine dimers were quantified in situ by means of an immunofluorescence assay with a specific monoclonal antibody. A method was developed to compare separately performed experiments in a standardized manner. For melanocytes from each source, we demonstrated a linear relationship between UV dose and immunofluorescence. In nevocellular and dysplastic nevi, two subpopulations could be detected, distinguished by their nuclear size. Large nucleated nevocellular nevus cells were most susceptible to the induction of thymine dimers (49% higher induction compared to induction in foreskin melanocytes), while in normal-sized nuclei of these nevus cells the same induction of thymine dimers was found as in nuclei from foreskin melanocytes. In contrast, large nucleated dysplastic nevus melanocytes did not differ from the foreskin melanocytes, while normal-sized nuclei of dysplastic nevus cells showed a lower induction (32% lower induction than in foreskin melanocytes).