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Synthesis, Photophysical, Photochemical and Biological Properties of Caged GABA, 4-[[(2H-1-Benzopyran-2-one-7-amino-4-methoxy) carbonyl] amino] Butanoic Acid


  • Posted on the website on 28 December 2004

*To whom correspondence should be addressed: Molecular Biosensor and Imaging Center, Carnegie Mellon University, 4400 Fifth Avenue, Pittsburgh, PA 15213. Fax: 412–268–7548; e-mail:


The photorelease of a caged neurotransmitter can be used to investigate the function of neuronal circuits in tissues. We have designed and synthesized a stable, caged γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA) derivative, 4-[[(2H-1-benzopyran-2-one-7-amino-4-methoxy)carbonyl]amino] butanoic acid (BC204), that releases the neurotransmitter in physiological medium when irradiated with UV light at 300–400 nm in PBS at pH 7.4. The release of GABA occurs with the formation of the major photoproduct, 7-amino-4-(hydroxymethyl)-2H-1-benzopyran-2-one, via a solvolytic photodegradation mechanism of the coumarin moiety and was confirmed by electrospray mass spectrometry/mass spectrometry (ESI MS/MS). BC204 is chemically stable and shows no intrinsic activity after many hours under physiological dark conditions. These properties suggest that BC204 is an excellent form of caged GABA that is well suited for long-term biological studies.