SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • 1
    Newton, I. (1672) New theory about light and colors. Philos. Trans. R. Soc. Lond. 80, 30753087.
  • 2
    Herschel, W. (1800) Investigation of the powers of the prismatic colours to heat and illuminate objects. Philos. Trans. R. Soc. Lond. 90, 255283.
  • 3
    Ritter, J. (1801) Annalen für Physik. 7, 527.
  • 4
    Willan, R. (1808) On Cutaneous Diseases. Johnson, London.
  • 5
    Rayer, P. (1835) Traité des maladies de la peau. Paris.
  • 6
    Home, E. (1820) On the black rete mucosum of the Negro, being a defense against the scorching effect of the sun’s ray. Philos. Trans. R. Soc. Lond. 111, 1.
  • 7
    Davy, J. (1829) Observations on the effect of sun’s rays on the human body. Trans Med-chir. Soc. Edin. 256.
  • 8
    Diffey, B. L. and I. E. Kochevar (2007) Basic principles of photobiology. In Photodermatology (Edited by H. W.Lim, H.Hönigsmann and J. L.Hawk), pp. 1527. Informa Healthcare USA, Inc., New York.
  • 9
    Everett, M. A., E. Yeargers, R. M. Sayre and R. L. Olson (1966) Penetration of epidermis by ultraviolet rays. Photochem. Photobiol. 5, 533542.
  • 10
    Young, A. R., C. S. Potten, C. A. Chadwick, G. M. Murphy, J. L. Hawk and A. J. Cohen (1991) Photoprotection and 5-MOP photochemoprotection from UVR-induced DNA damage in humans: The role of skin type. J. Invest. Dermatol. 97, 942948.
  • 11
    Rottier, P. B. and J. C. Van Der Leun (1960) Hyperaemia of the deeper cutaneous vessels after irradiation of human skin with large doses of ultra-violet and visible light. Br. J. Dermatol. 72, 256260.
  • 12
    Loertzer, H., S. Bauer, W. Morke, P. Fornara and H. J. Bromme (2006) Formation of ascorbate radicals as a measure of oxidative stress: An in vitro electron spin resonance-study using 2,2-Azobis (2-amidinopropane) dihydrochloride as a radical generator. Transplant. Proc. 38, 674678.
  • 13
    Haywood, R. (2006) Relevance of sunscreen application method, visible light and sunlight intensity to free-radical protection: A study of ex vivo human skin. Photochem. Photobiol. 82, 11231131.
  • 14
    Rhodes, L. E. and H. W. Lim (2007) The acute effects of ultraviolet radiation on the skin. In Photodermatology (Edited by H. W.Lim, H.Hönigsmann and J. L.Hawk), pp. 7589. Informa Healthcare USA, Inc., New York.
  • 15
    Hönigsmann, H. (2002) Erythema and pigmentation. Photodermatol. Photoimmunol. Photomed. 18, 7581.
  • 16
    Gange, R. W., A. D. Blackett, E. A. Matzinger, B. M. Sutherland and I. E. Kochevar (1985) Comparative protection efficiency of UVA- and UVB-induced tans against erythema and formation of endonuclease-sensitive sites in DNA by UVB in human skin. J. Invest. Dermatol. 85, 362364.
  • 17
    Kollias, N. and A. Baqer (1984) An experimental study of the changes in pigmentation in human skin in vivo with visible and near infrared light. Photochem. Photobiol. 39, 651659.
  • 18
    Porges, S. B., K. H. Kaidbey and G. L. Grove (1988) Quantification of visible light-induced melanogenesis in human skin. Photodermatology 5, 197200.
  • 19
    Kollias, N., Y. H. Malallah, H. Al-Ajmi, A. Baqer, B. E. Johnson and S. Gonzalez (1996) Erythema and melanogenesis action spectra in heavily pigmented individuals as compared to fair-skinned Caucasians. Photodermatol. Photoimmunol. Photomed. 12, 183188.
  • 20
    Young, A. R. (1999) The molecular and genetic effects of ultraviolet radiation exposure on skin. In Photodermatology (Edited by J. L.Hawk), pp. 2542. Arnold, London.
  • 21
    Kelfkens, G., F. R. De Gruijl and J. C. Van Der Leun (1990) Ozone depletion and increase in annual carcinogenic ultraviolet dose. Photochem. Photobiol. 52, 819823.
  • 22
    Edstrom, D. W., A. Porwit and A. M. Ros (2001) Effects on human skin of repetitive ultraviolet-A1 (UVA1) irradiation and visible light. Photodermatol. Photoimmunol. Photomed. 17, 6670.
  • 23
    De Laat, A., J. C. Van Der Leun and F. R. De Gruijl (1997) Carcinogenesis induced by UVA (365-nm) radiation: The dose-time dependence of tumor formation in hairless mice. Carcinogenesis 18, 10131020.
  • 24
    Ren, Z. P., F. Ponten, M. Nister and J. Ponten (1996) Two distinct p53 immunohistochemical patterns in human squamous-cell skin cancer, precursors and normal epidermis. Int. J. Cancer 69, 174179.
  • 25
    Ponten, F., B. Berne, Z. P. Ren, M. Nister and J. Ponten (1995) Ultraviolet light induces expression of p53 and p21 in human skin: Effect of sunscreen and constitutive p21 expression in skin appendages. J. Invest. Dermatol. 105, 402406.
  • 26
    Kielbassa, C., L. Roza and B. Epe (1997) Wavelength dependence of oxidative DNA damage induced by UV and visible light. Carcinogenesis 18, 811816.
  • 27
    Hoffmann-Dorr, S., R. Greinert, B. Volkmer and B. Epe (2005) Visible light (>395 nm) causes micronuclei formation in mammalian cells without generation of cyclobutane pyrimidine dimers. Mutat. Res. 572, 142149.
  • 28
    Kvam, E. and R. M. Tyrrell (1997) Induction of oxidative DNA base damage in human skin cells by UV and near visible radiation. Carcinogenesis 18, 23792384.
  • 29
    Millard, T. P. and J. L. Hawk (2002) Photosensitivity disorders: Cause, effect and management. Am. J. Clin. Dermatol. 3, 239246.
  • 30
    Champion, R. H. (1988) Urticaria: Then and now. Br. J. Dermatol. 119, 427436.
  • 31
    Kerr, H. A. and H. W. Lim (2007) Photodermatoses in African Americans: A retrospective analysis of 135 patients over a 7-year period. J. Am. Acad. Dermatol. 57, 638643.
  • 32
    Harber, L. C. and D. R. Bickers (1989) Solar urticaria. In Photosensitivity Diseases: Principles of Diagnosis and Treatment (Edited by L. C.Harber and D. R.Bickers), pp. 209218. B. C. Decker, Inc., Toronto.
  • 33
    Stratigos, A. J., C. Antoniou, E. Papathanakou, M. Daboudi, K. Tranaka, K. Tsara and A. D. Katsambas (2003) Spectrum of idiopathic photodermatoses in a Mediterranean country. Int. J. Dermatol. 42, 449454.
  • 34
    Uetsu, N., H. Miyauchi-Hashimoto, H. Okamoto and T. Horio (2000) The clinical and photobiological characteristics of solar urticaria in 40 patients. Br. J. Dermatol. 142, 3238.
  • 35
    Frain-Bell, W. (1985) Solar urticaria. In Cutaneous Photobiology (Edited by W.Frain-Bell), pp. 5155. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
  • 36
    Ryckaert, S. and R. Roelandts (1998) Solar urticaria. A report of 25 cases and difficulties in phototesting. Arch. Dermatol. 134, 7174.
  • 37
    Hasei, K. and M. Ichihashi (1982) Solar urticaria. Determinations of action and inhibition spectra. Arch. Dermatol. 118, 346350.
  • 38
    Leenutaphong, V., E. Holzle, G. Plewig, B. Grabensee and B. Kutkuhn (1987) Plasmapheresis in solar urticaria. Photodermatology 4, 308309.
  • 39
    Hawk, J. L. and I. A. Magnus (1979) Chronic actinic dermatitis—An idiopathic photosensitivity syndrome including actinic reticuloid and photosensitive eczema. Br. J. Dermatol. 101(Suppl. 17), 24.[proceedings]
  • 40
    Ive, F. A., I. A. Magnus, R. P. Warin and E. W. Jones (1969) “Actinic reticuloid”; a chronic dermatosis associated with severe photosensitivity and the histological resemblance to lymphoma. Br. J. Dermatol. 81, 469485.
  • 41
    Ramsay, C. A. and A. K. Black (1973) Photosensitive eczema. Trans. St. Johns Hosp. Dermatol. Soc. 59, 152158.
  • 42
    Frain-Bell, W., T. Lakshmipathi, J. Rogers and J. Willock (1974) The syndrome of chronic photosensitivity dermatitis and actinic reticuloid. Br. J. Dermatol. 91, 617634.
  • 43
    Roelandts, R. (1993) Chronic actinic dermatitis. J. Am. Acad. Dermatol. 28, 240249.
  • 44
    Dawe, R. S. and J. Ferguson (2003) Diagnosis and treatment of chronic actinic dermatitis. Dermatol. Ther. 16, 4551.
  • 45
    Lim, H. W., W. L. Morison, R. Kamide, M. R. Buchness, R. Harris and N. A. Soter (1994) Chronic actinic dermatitis. An analysis of 51 patients evaluated in the United States and Japan. Arch. Dermatol. 130, 12841289.
  • 46
    Lugovic, L., M. Situm, S. Ozanic-Bulic and I. Sjerobabski-Masnec (2007) Phototoxic and photoallergic skin reactions. Coll. Antropol. 31(Suppl. 1), 6367.
  • 47
    Schultz, J. H. (1874) Ein Fall von Pemphigus leprosus, kompliciert durch Lepra visceralis. Inaugural dissertation, Greisswald.
  • 48
    Gagey, P. L. (1896) Cas d’hemoglobinurie au cours d’un xeroderma pigmentosa. These de Paris.
  • 49
    M’Call Anderson, T. (1898) Hydroa cacciniforme. Br. J. Dermatol. 10, 1–4.
  • 50
    Vollmer, E. (1903) Uber Hereditare Syphilis und Hamatoporphyrinuria. Archiv f Derm u Syph. 1xv, 221.
  • 51
    Ehrmann, X. (1905) Hydroa aestivale. Archiv f Derm u Syph. 1xxvii, 163.
  • 52
    Linser, X. (1906) Hydroa aestivale and Hamatoporphyrinuria. Archiv f Derm u Syph. 1xxix, 251.
  • 53
    Cripps, D. J. (1986) Porphyria: Genetic and acquired. IARC Sci. Publ. 77, 549566.
  • 54
    Waldenstrom, J. (1937) Studien uber porphyrie. Acta Med. Scand. 82, 133.
  • 55
    Dean, G. (1971) The Porphyrias. Pitman Medical, London.
  • 56
    Poh-Fitzpatrick, M. B. (2000) Porphyrias: Photosensitivity and phototherapy. Methods Enzymol. 319, 485493.
  • 57
    Moore, M. R., K. E. McColl, C. Rimington and A. Goldberg (1987) Disorders of Porphyrin Metabolism. Plenum Publishing Corporation, New York.
  • 58
    Lim, H. W. and J. L. Cohen (1999) The cutaneous porphyrias. Semin. Cutan. Med. Surg. 18, 285292.
  • 59
    Daikha-Dahmane, F., M. Dommergues, F. Narcy, M. C. Gubler, Y. Dumez, E. Gauthier, Y. Nordmann, C. Nessmann, G. Terrasse and F. Muller (2001) Congenital erythropoietic porphyria: Prenatal diagnosis and autopsy findings in two sibling fetuses. Pediatr. Dev. Pathol. 4, 180184.
  • 60
    Richard, E., M. Mendez, F. Mazurier, C. Morel, P. Costet, P. Xia, A. Fontanellas, F. Geronimi, M. Cario-Andre, L. Taine, C. Ged, P. Malik, H. De Verneuil and F. Moreau-Gaudry (2001) Gene therapy of a mouse model of protoporphyria with a self-inactivating erythroid-specific lentiviral vector without preselection. Mol. Ther. 4, 331338.
  • 61
    Poh-Fitzpatrick, M. B. (1986) Molecular and cellular mechanisms of porphyrin photosensitization. Photodermatology 3, 148157.
  • 62
    Jope, E. M. and R. O’Brien J (1945) Spectral absorption and fluorescence of coproporphyrin isomers I and III and the melting-points of their methyl esters. Biochem. J. 39, 239244.
  • 63
    Stolik, S., S. A. Tomas, E. Ramon-Gallegos and F. Sanchez (2002) Kinetic study of delta-Ala induced porphyrins in mice using photoacoustic and fluorescence spectroscopies. J. Photochem. Photobiol. B, Biol. 68, 117122.
  • 64
    Murphy, G. M. (1999) The cutaneous porphyrias: A review. The British Photodermatology Group. Br. J. Dermatol. 140, 573581.
  • 65
    Dougherty, T. J., M. T. Cooper and T. S. Mang (1990) Cutaneous phototoxic occurrences in patients receiving Photofrin. Lasers Surg. Med. 10, 485488.
  • 66
    Lim, H. and H. Honigsmann (2007) Photoprotection. In Photodermatology (Edited by H. W.Lim, H.Hönigsmann and J. L.Hawk), pp. 267278. Informa Healthcare USA, Inc., New York.
  • 67
    Kollias, N. (1999) The absorption properties of “physical” sunscreens. Arch. Dermatol. 135, 209210.
  • 68
    Wolf, R., H. Matz, E. Orion and J. Lipozencic (2003) Sunscreens—The ultimate cosmetic. Acta Dermatovenerol. Croat. 11, 158162.
  • 69
    Nohynek, G. J., J. Lademann, C. Ribaud and M. S. Roberts (2007) Grey goo on the skin? Nanotechnology, cosmetic and sunscreen safety. Crit. Rev. Toxicol. 37, 251277.
  • 70
    Kaye, E. T., J. A. Levin, I. H. Blank, K. A. Arndt and R. R. Anderson (1991) Efficiency of opaque photoprotective agents in the visible light range. Arch. Dermatol. 127, 351355.
  • 71
    Moseley, H., H. Cameron, T. MacLeod, C. Clark, R. Dawe and J. Ferguson (2001) New sunscreens confer improved protection for photosensitive patients in the blue light region. Br. J. Dermatol. 145, 789794.
  • 72
    Tuchinda, C., S. Srivannaboon and H. W. Lim (2006) Photoprotection by window glass, automobile glass, and sunglasses. J. Am. Acad. Dermatol. 54, 845854.
  • 73
    Hamanaka, H., Y. Miyachi and S. Imamura (1990) Photoprotective effect of topically applied superoxide dismutase on sunburn reaction in comparison with sunscreen. J. Dermatol. 17, 595598.
  • 74
    Kullavanijaya, P. and H. W. Lim (2005) Photoprotection. J. Am. Acad. Dermatol. 52, 937958; quiz 959–962.
  • 75
    Morley, N., T. Clifford, L. Salter, S. Campbell, D. Gould and A. Curnow (2005) The green tea polyphenol (-)-epigallocatechin gallate and green tea can protect human cellular DNA from ultraviolet and visible radiation-induced damage. Photodermatol. Photoimmunol. Photomed. 21, 1522.
  • 76
    Muhlbauer, W., G. Nath and A. Kreitmair (1976) Treatment of capillary hemangiomas and nevi flammei with light. Langenbecks Arch. Chir. ??(Suppl.), 9194.
  • 77
    Raulin, C., B. Greve and H. Grema (2003) IPL technology: A review. Lasers Surg. Med. 32, 7887.
  • 78
    Anderson, R. R. and J. A. Parrish (1983) Selective photothermolysis: Precise microsurgery by selective absorption of pulsed radiation. Science 220, 524527.
  • 79
    Anderson, R. R. (2003) Dermatologic history of the ruby laser: The long story of short pulses. Arch. Dermatol. 139, 7074.
  • 80
    Ross, E. V. (2006) Laser versus intense pulsed light: Competing technologies in dermatology. Lasers Surg. Med. 38, 261272.
  • 81
    Demidova-Rice, T. N., E. V. Salomatina, A. N. Yaroslavsky, I. M. Herman and M. R. Hamblin (2007) Low-level light stimulates excisional wound healing in mice. Lasers Surg. Med. 39, 706715.
  • 82
    Lane, N. (2006) Cell biology: Power games. Nature 443, 901903.
  • 83
    Wong-Riley, M. T., H. L. Liang, J. T. Eells, B. Chance, M. M. Henry, E. Buchmann, M. Kane and H. T. Whelan (2005) Photobiomodulation directly benefits primary neurons functionally inactivated by toxins: Role of cytochrome c oxidase. J. Biol. Chem. 280, 47614771.
  • 84
    Pastore, D., M. Greco, V. A. Petragallo and S. Passarella (1994) Increase in <--H+/e- ratio of the cytochrome c oxidase reaction in mitochondria irradiated with helium-neon laser. Biochem. Mol. Biol. Int. 34, 817826.
  • 85
    Karu, T., L. Pyatibrat and G. Kalendo (1995) Irradiation with He-Ne laser increases ATP level in cells cultivated in vitro. J. Photochem. Photobiol. B, Biol. 27, 219223.
  • 86
    Zhang, Y., S. Song, C. C. Fong, C. H. Tsang, Z. Yang and M. Yang (2003) cDNA microarray analysis of gene expression profiles in human fibroblast cells irradiated with red light. J. Invest. Dermatol. 120, 849857.
  • 87
    Bernstein, E. F. (2005) Hair growth induced by diode laser treatment. Dermatol. Surg. 31, 584586.
  • 88
    Lightner, D. A., W. P. Linnane 3rd and C. E. Ahlfors (1984) Bilirubin photooxidation products in the urine of jaundiced neonates receiving phototherapy. Pediatr. Res. 18, 696700.
  • 89
    Jori, G., E. Rossi and F. F. Rubaltelli (1980) Phototherapy-induced covalent binding of bilirubin to serum albumin. Pediatr. Res. 14, 13631366.
  • 90
    Onishi, S., K. Isobe, S. Itoh, M. Manabe, K. Sasaki, R. Fukuzaki and T. Yamakawa (1986) Metabolism of bilirubin and its photoisomers in newborn infants during phototherapy. J. Biochem. (Tokyo) 100, 789795.
  • 91
    Ennever, J. F. (1990) Blue light, green light, white light, more light: Treatment of neonatal jaundice. Clin. Perinatol. 17, 467481.
  • 92
    American Academy of Pediatrics Subcommittee on Hyperbilirubinemia (2004) Management of hyperbilirubinemia in the newborn infant 35 or more weeks of gestation. Pediatrics 114, 297316.
  • 93
    Maisels, M. J., E. A. Kring and J. DeRidder (2007) Randomized controlled trial of light-emitting diode phototherapy. J. Perinatol. 27, 565567.
  • 94
    Szeimies, R. M., J. Drager and C. Abels (2001) History of photodynamic therapy in dermatology. In Photodynamic Therapy and Fluorescence Diagnosis in Dermatology (Edited by P. G.Calzavara-Pinton, R. M.Szeimies and B.Ortel), pp. 316. Elsevier, Amsterdam.
  • 95
    Henderson, B. W. and T. J. Dougherty (1992) How does photodynamic therapy work? Photochem. Photobiol. 55, 145157.
  • 96
    Szeimies, R. M., S. Karrer and C. Abels (2001) Photodynamic therapy in dermatology. In Dermatological Phototherapy and Photodiagnostic Methods (Edited by J.Krutmann, H.Honigsmann and C.Elmets), pp. 209247. Springer, Berlin.
  • 97
    Moser, J. G. (1997) Definitions and general properties of 2nd & 3rd generation photosensitizers. In Photodynamic Tumor Therapy—2nd & 3rd Generation Photosensitizers (Edited by J. G.Moser), pp. 38. Harwood Academic Publishers, London.
  • 98
    Piacquadio, D. J., D. M. Chen, H. F. Farber, J. F. Fowler Jr, S. D. Glazer, J. J. Goodman, L. L. Hruza, E. W. Jeffes, M. R. Ling, T. J. Phillips, T. M. Rallis, R. K. Scher, C. R. Taylor and G. D. Weinstein (2004) Photodynamic therapy with aminolevulinic acid topical solution and visible blue light in the treatment of multiple actinic keratoses of the face and scalp: Investigator-blinded, phase 3, multicenter trials. Arch. Dermatol. 140, 4146.
  • 99
    Fritsch, C., B. Homey, W. Stahl, P. Lehmann, T. Ruzicka and H. Sies (1998) Preferential relative porphyrin enrichment in solar keratoses upon topical application of delta-aminolevulinic acid methylester. Photochem. Photobiol. 68, 218221.
  • 100
    Nyman, E. S. and P. H. Hynninen (2004) Research advances in the use of tetrapyrrolic photosensitizers for photodynamic therapy. J. Photochem. Photobiol. B, Biol. 73, 128.
  • 101
    Calzavara-Pinton, P. G., M. Venturini and R. Sala (2007) Photodynamic therapy: Update 2006. Part 1: Photochemistry and photobiology. J. Eur. Acad. Dermatol. Venereol. 21, 293302.
  • 102
    Huang, Z. (2005) A review of progress in clinical photodynamic therapy. Technol. Cancer Res. Treat. 4, 283293.
  • 103
    Braathen, L. R., R. M. Szeimies, N. Basset-Seguin, R. Bissonnette, P. Foley, D. Pariser, R. Roelandts, A. M. Wennberg and C. A. Morton (2007) Guidelines on the use of photodynamic therapy for nonmelanoma skin cancer: An international consensus. International Society for Photodynamic Therapy in Dermatology, 2005. J. Am. Acad. Dermatol. 56, 125143.
  • 104
    Robinson, D. J., P. Collins, M. R. Stringer, D. I. Vernon, G. I. Stables, S. B. Brown and R. A. Sheehan-Dare (1999) Improved response of plaque psoriasis after multiple treatments with topical 5-aminolaevulinic acid photodynamic therapy. Acta Derm. Venereol. 79, 451455.
  • 105
    Stender, I. M., R. Na, H. Fogh, C. Gluud and H. C. Wulf (2000) Photodynamic therapy with 5-aminolaevulinic acid or placebo for recalcitrant foot and hand warts: Randomised double-blind trial. Lancet 355, 963966.
  • 106
    Leman, J. A., D. C. Dick and C. A. Morton (2002) Topical 5-ALA photodynamic therapy for the treatment of cutaneous T-cell lymphoma. Clin. Exp. Dermatol. 27, 516518.
  • 107
    Calzavara-Pinton, P. G., R. M. Szeimies, B. Ortel and C. Zane (1996) Photodynamic therapy with systemic administration of photosensitizers in dermatology. J. Photochem. Photobiol. B, Biol. 36, 225231.
  • 108
    Jori, G. (1996) Tumour photosensitizers: Approaches to enhance the selectivity and efficiency of photodynamic therapy. J. Photochem. Photobiol. B, Biol. 36, 8793.
  • 109
    Alster, T. S. and S. S. Surin-Lord (2006) Photodynamic therapy: Practical cosmetic applications. J. Drugs Dermatol. 5, 764768.
  • 110
    Ericson, M. B., C. Sandberg, F. Gudmundson, A. Rosen, O. Larko and A. M. Wennberg (2003) Fluorescence contrast and threshold limit: Implications for photodynamic diagnosis of basal cell carcinoma. J. Photochem. Photobiol. B, Biol. 69, 121127.
  • 111
    Baumler, W., C. Abels and R. M. Szeimies (2003) Fluorescence diagnosis and photodynamic therapy in dermatology. Med. Laser Appl. 18, 4756.
  • 112
    Maiman, T. (1960) Stimulated optical radiation in ruby. Nature 187, 493494.
  • 113
    Acland, K. M. and R. J. Barlow (2000) Lasers for the dermatologist. Br. J. Dermatol. 143, 244255.
  • 114
    Tan, O. T., S. Murray and A. K. Kurban (1989) Action spectrum of vascular specific injury using pulsed irradiation. J. Invest. Dermatol. 92, 868871.
  • 115
    Tan, O. T., R. M. Hurwitz and T. J. Stafford (1993) Pulsed dye laser treatment of recalcitrant verrucae: A preliminary report. Lasers Surg. Med. 13, 127137.
  • 116
    Dierickx, C. C., J. M. Casparian, V. Venugopalan, W. A. Farinelli and R. R. Anderson (1995) Thermal relaxation of port-wine stain vessels probed in vivo: The need for 1-10-millisecond laser pulse treatment. J. Invest. Dermatol. 105, 709714.
  • 117
    West, T. B. and T. S. Alster (1998) Comparison of the long-pulse dye (590-595 nm) and KTP (532 nm) lasers in the treatment of facial and leg telangiectasias. Dermatol. Surg. 24, 221226.
  • 118
    Tanzi, E. L., J. R. Lupton and T. S. Alster (2003) Lasers in dermatology: Four decades of progress. J. Am. Acad. Dermatol. 49, 131; quiz 31–34.
  • 119
    Altshuler, G. B., H. H. Zenzie, A. V. Erofeev, M. Z. Smirnov, R. R. Anderson and C. Dierickx (1999) Contact cooling of the skin. Phys. Med. Biol. 44, 10031023.