The Effect of Chronic Exposure to Artificial UVB Radiation on the Survival and Reproduction of Daphnia magna Across Two Generations

Authors


Corresponding author email: d.young@uwinnipeg.ca (Donna Young)

Abstract

We examined the effects of daily (chronic) exposure to artificial UVB radiation on the survival and reproduction of Daphnia magna over two generations. Control and experimental animals in each generation (parental and F1) were exposed to 16 h of UVA radiation and photosynthetically active radiation daily. In addition, experimental animals were exposed to 6 h of UVB during the middle of the light period. Survival and reproduction were followed for 12 days for each individual. Survival and production of F1 were significantly lower in the UVB exposed parental generation Daphnia than in controls. F1 exposure to UVB significantly decreased F1 survival and reproduction. Reproduction was lowest in UVB exposed F1 animals whose parents were also exposed to UVB. Adverse effects of UVB on offspring production may be magnified in successive generations suggesting that short-term experiments could underestimate the impact of increased UVB exposure on populations.

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