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Abstract

Hematoporphyrin monomethyl ether (HMME) is a novel and promising second-generation porphyrin-related photosensitizer for photodynamic therapy (PDT). To study the effects of HMME PDT on choroidal neovascularization (CNV) in rats, the PDT was performed 20 min after HMME bolus injection, which was investigated prior to the PDT by fluorescence microscopy with laser-induced CNV, and delivered at an irradiance of 400, 600 and 1000 mW cm−2 corresponding to a fluence of 36, 54, 90 J cm−2 in PDT plan I (15 mg kg−1 HMME). In PDT plan II (30 mg kg−1 HMME), the laser had a constant irradiance of 600 mW cm−2, which was delivered for 60, 90 or 150 s, to also achieve total energy doses of 36, 54 or 90 J cm−2. CNV closure rates assessed by fluorescein angiography and histologic damage to treated areas of choroid and retina varied as a function of the dose of HMME and of the activating light energy fluence. Endothelial cell labeled by platelet/endothelial cell adhesion molecule-1 presented treated CNV lesions that were significantly reduced in size (< 0.01). It can be concluded that PDT using HMME can effectively occlude CNV. HMME is a potentially useful photosensitizer for the reduction in CNV size of irradiated areas.