SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • 1
    Caldwell, M. M., L. B. Camp, C. W. Warne and S. D. Flint (1986) Action spectra and their key role in assessing biological consequences of solar UV radiation. In Stratospheric Ozone Reduction, Solar Ultraviolet Radiation and Plant Life (Edited by R. C. Worrest and M. M. Caldwell), pp. 87111. Springer, Heidelberg.
  • 2
    McKenzie, R. L., K. J. Paulin and M. Kotkamp (1997) Erythemal UV irradiances at Lauder, New Zealand: relationship between horizontal and normal incidence. Photochem. Photobiol. 66(5), 683689.
  • 3
    Philipona, R., A. Schilling and D. Schmucki (2001) Albedo-enhanced maximum UV irradiance measured on surfaces oriented normal to the sun. Photochem. Photobiol. 73(4), 366369.
  • 4
    Parisi, A. V. and M. G. Kimlin (1999) Horizontal and sun normal spectral biologically effective ultraviolet irradiances. J. Photochem. Photobiol. B: Biol. 53(1–3), 7074.
  • 5
    Webb, A. R., P. Weihs and M. Blumthaler (1999) Spectral UV irradiances on vertical surfaces: a case study. Photochem. Photobiol. 69(4), 464470.
  • 6
    Oppenrieder, A., P. Hoeppe and P. Koepke (2004) Routine measurements of erythemally effective UV irradiance on inclined surfaces. J. Photochem. Photobiol. B: Biol. 74, 8594.
  • 7
    Turner, J. and A. V. Parisi (2008) Measuring the influence of UV reflection from vertical metal surfaces on humans. Photochem. Photobiol. Sci. 8, 6269.
  • 8
    Turner, J., A. V. Parisi and D. J. Turnbull (2008) Reflected solar radiation from horizontal, vertical and inclined surfaces: ultraviolet and visible spectral and broadband behaviour due to solar zenith angle, orientation and surface type. J. Photochem. Photobiol. B. Biol. 92, 2937.
  • 9
    Utrillas, M. P., M. J. Marin, A. R. Estevel, V. Estelles, F. Tena, J. Canada and J. A. Martinez Lozano (2009) Diffuse ultraviolet erythemal irradiance on inclined planes: a comparison of experimental and modeled data. Photochem. Photobiol. 85, 12451253.
  • 10
    Kimlin, M. G., A. V. Parisi and J. C. F. Wong (1998) The facial distribution of erythemal ultraviolet exposure in south-east Queensland. Phys. Med. Biol. 43, 231240.
  • 11
    Mech, M. and P. Koepke (2004) Model for UV irradiance on arbitrarily oriented surfaces. Theor. Appl. Climatol. 77, 151158.
  • 12
    Streicher, J. J., W. J. Culverhouse Jr, M. S. Dulberg and R. J. Fornaro (2004) Modeling the anatomical distribution of sunlight. Photochem. Photobiol. 79(1), 4047.
  • 13
    Hoeppe, P., A. Oppenrieder, C. Erianto, P. Koepke, J. Reuder, M. Seefeldner and D. Nowak (2004) Visualization of UV exposure of the human body based on data from a scanning UV-measuring system. Int. J. Biometeorol. 49, 1825.
  • 14
    Vernez, D., A. Milon, L. Francioli, J. Bulliard, L. Vuilleumier and L. Moccozet (2011) A numeric model to simulate solar individual ultraviolet exposure. Photochem. Photobiol. 87, 721728.
  • 15
    Verdebout, J. (2010) Estimating natural UV personal exposure with radiative transfer calculations. Radiat. Prot. Dosimetry 141(3), 275282.
  • 16
    Davis, A., G. H. W. Deane and B. L. Diffey (1976) Possible dosemeter for ultraviolet radiation. Nature 261, 169170.
  • 17
    Diffey, B. L. and A. Davis (1978) A new dosemeter for the measurement of natural ultraviolet radiation in the study of photodermatoses and drug photosensitivity. Phys. Med. Biol. 23, 318323.
  • 18
    Diffey, B. L. (1984) Personal ultraviolet radiation dosimetry with polysulphone film badges. Photodermatol. 1, 151157.
  • 19
    Kimlin, M. G. (2003) Techniques for assessing human UV exposures. In Proc. SPIE, Ultraviolet Ground and Space Based Measurements, Models and Effects III (Edited by J. R. Slusser, J. R. Herman, W. Gao), pp. 197206. SPIE-The International Society for Optical Engineering, San Diego, CA, August 2003 5156.
  • 20
    Airey, D. K., J. C. F. Wong, R. A. Fleming and L. R. Meldrum (1997) An estimate of the total UV-B exposure for outdoor workers during a south-east Queensland summer. Health Phys. 72(4), 544549.
  • 21
    Siani, A. M., G. R. Casale, R. Sisto, M. Borra, M. G. Kimlin, C. A. Lang and A. Colosimo (2009) Short-term UV exposure of sunbathers at a Mediterranean Sea site. Photochem. Photobiol. 85(1), 171177.
  • 22
    Downs, N. J. and A. V. Parisi (2009) Ultraviolet exposures in different playground settings: a cohort study of measurement performed in a school population. Photodermatol. Photoimmunol. Photomed. 25, 196201.
  • 23
    Gies, P., K. Glanz, D. O’Riordan, T. Elliott and E. Nehl (2009) Measured occupational solar UVR exposures of lifeguards in pool settings. Am. J. Ind. Med. 52(8), 645653.
  • 24
    Cockell, C. S., K. Scherer, G. Horneck, P. Rettberg, R. Facius, A. Gugg-Helminger, C. Driscoll and P. Lee (2011) Exposure of Arctic field scientists to ultraviolet radiation evaluated using personal dosemeters. Photochem. Photobiol. 74, 570578.
  • 25
    Siani, A. M., G. R. Casale, H. Diemoz, G. Agnesod, M. G. Kimlin, C. A. Lang and A. Colosimo (2008) Personal UV exposure in high albedo alpine sites. Atmos. Chem. Phys. 8, 37493760.
  • 26
    Gies, P., R. Watzl, J. Javorniczky, C. Roy, S. Henderson, J. Ayton and M. Kingston (2009) Measurement of the UVR exposures of expeditioners on Antarctic resupply voyages. Photochem. Photobiol. 85, 14851490.
  • 27
    CIE (1998) Erythema Reference Action Spectrum and Standard Erythema Dose Vienna. Commission Internationale d’Eclairage (Joint ISO/CIE Standard ISO 17166:1999/CIE S007-1998. Available at: http://www.cie.co.at/publ/abst/s007.html). Accessed on 20 October 2011.
  • 28
    Casale, G. R., A. M. Siani and A. Colosimo (2009) Polysulphone dosimetry: a tool for personal exposure studies. Biophys. Bioeng. Lett. 2(1), 114.
  • 29
    Webb, A. R. (1998) Solar UVB Instrumentation and Applications. Gordon and Breach Science Publisher, Amsterdam, NL.
  • 30
    Krins, A., D. Bolsee, B. Dörschel, D. Gillotay and P. Knuschke (2000) Angular dependence of the efficiency of the UV sensor polysulphone film. Radiat. Prot. Dosimetry 87, 261266.
  • 31
    Schouten, P. and A. V. Parisi (2011) Direct comparison between the angular distributions of the erythemal and eye-damaging UV irradiances: a pilot study. J. Photochem. Photobiol. B: Biol. 102, 146155.
  • 32
    Sisto, R., M. Borra, G. R. Casale, A. Militello and A. M. Siani (2009) Quantitative evaluation of personal exposure to UV radiation of workers and general public. Radiat. Prot. Dosimetry 137(3-4), 193196.
  • 33
    Meloni, D., G. R. Casale, A. M. Siani, S. Palmieri and F. Cappellani (2000) UV dose patterns in Italy. Photochem. Photobiol. 71, 681690.
  • 34
    Casale, G. R., D. Meloni, S. Miano, A. M. Siani, S. Palmieri and F. Cappellani (2000) Solar UV-B irradiance and total ozone in Italy: fluctuations and trends. J. Geophys. Res. 105, 48954901.
  • 35
    Gröbner, J., G. Hulsen, L. Vuilleumier, M. Blumthaler, J. M. Vilaplana, D. Walker and J. E. Gil (2006) Report of the PMOD/WRCCOST Calibration and Intercomparison of Erythemal Radiometers. Davos, Switzerland, 28 July–23 August 2006. Available at: http://www.pmodwrc.ch/euvc/pdf/ReportCOST726.pdf. Accessed on 20 October 2011.
  • 36
    Ialongo, I., G. R. Casale and A. M. Siani (2008) Comparison of total ozone and erythemal UV data from OMI with ground-based measurements at Rome station. Atmos. Chem. Phys. 8, 32833289.
  • 37
    Casale, G. R., M. Borra, A. Colosimo, M. Colucci, A. Militello, A. M. Siani and R. Sisto (2006) Variability among polysulphone calibration curves. Phys. Med. Biol. 51, 44134427.
  • 38
    Diffey, B. L. (1989) Ultraviolet Radiation dosimetry with polysulphone film. In Radiation Measurement in Photobiology (Edited by B. L. Diffey), pp. 135159. Academic Press, London, UK.
  • 39
    Krins, A., B. Dörschel, P. Knuschke, H. K. Seidlitz and S. Thiel (2001) Determination of the calibration factor of polysulphone film UV dosemeters for terrestrial solar radiation. Radiat. Prot. Dosimetry 95, 345352.
  • 40
    Downs, N. J. and A. V. Parisi (2008) Patterns in the received facial ultraviolet exposure of school children measured at a sub-tropical latitude. Photochem. Photobiol. 84, 90100.
  • 41
    Oke, T. R. (1987) Boundary Layer Climates. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK.
  • 42
    Chodick, G., R. A. Kleinerman, M. S. Linet, T. Fears, R. K. Kwok, M. G. Kimlin, B. H. Alexander and D. M. Freedman (2008) Agreement between diary records of time spent outdoors and personal ultraviolet radiation dose measurements. Photochem. Photobiol. 84(3), 713718.