Cellular protection against deleterious effects of DNA damaging agents requires an intricate network of defense mechanisms known as the DNA damage response (DDR). Ionizing radiation (IR) mediated activation of the DDR induces a transcriptional upregulation of genes that are also involved in nucleotide excision repair (NER). This suggests that pre-exposure to X-rays might stimulate NER in human cells. Here, we demonstrate in normal human fibroblasts that UV-induced NER is augmented by pre-exposure to IR and that this increased repair is accompanied by elevated mRNA and protein levels of the NER factors XPC and DDB2. Furthermore, when IR exposure precedes local UV irradiation, the presence of XPC and DDB2 at the sites of local UV damages is increased. This increase might be p53 dependent, but the mechanism of X-ray specific stabilization of p53 is unclear as both X-rays and UV stabilize p53.
If you can't find a tool you're looking for, please click the link at the top of the page to "Go to old article view". Alternatively, view our Knowledge Base articles for additional help. Your feedback is important to us, so please let us know if you have comments or ideas for improvement.