• 1
    Akpan, A. and R. Morgan (2002) Oral candidiasis. Postgrad. Med. J.78, 455459.
  • 2
    Calderone, R. A. and W. A. Fonzi (2001) Virulence factors of Candida albicans. Trends Microbiol.9, 327335.
  • 3
    Banting, D. W., P. A. Greenhorn and J. G. McMinn (1995) Effectiveness of a topical antifungal regimen for the treatment of oral candidiasis in older, chronically ill, institutionalized, adults. J. Can. Dent. Assoc.61, 199200.
  • 4
    Nikawa, H., C. Jin, H. Fukushima, S. Makihira and T. Hamada (2001) Antifungal activity of histatin-5 against non-albicans Candida species. Oral Microbiol. Immunol.16, 250252.
  • 5
    Lombardi, T. and E. Budtz-Jorgensen (1993) Treatment of denture-induced stomatitis: A review. Eur. J. Prosthodont. Restor. Dent.2, 1722.
  • 6
    Donnelly, R. F., P. A. McCarron and M. M. Tunney (2008) Antifungal photodynamic therapy. Microbiol. Res.163, 112.
  • 7
    Chatterjee, D. K., L. S. Fong and Y. Zhang (2008) Nanoparticles in photodynamic therapy: An emerging paradigm. Adv. Drug Deliv. Rev.60, 16271637.
  • 8
    Allison, R. R., H. C. Mota, V. S. Bagnato and C. H. Sibata (2008) Bio-nanotechnology and photodynamic therapy—State of the art review. Photodiagnosis Photodyn. Ther.5, 1928.
  • 9
    Mizuno, K., T. Zhiyentayev, L. Huang, S. Khalil, F. Nasim, G. P. Tegos, H. Gali, A. Jahnke, T. Wharton and M. R. Hamblin (2011) Antimicrobial photodynamic therapy with functionalized fullerenes: Quantitative structure-activity relationships. J. Nanomed. Nanotechnol.2, 19.
  • 10
    Jori, G., C. Fabris, M. Soncin, S. Ferro, O. Coppellotti, D. Dei, L. Fantetti, G. Chiti and G. Roncucci (2006) Photodynamic therapy in the treatment of microbial infections: Basic principles and perspective applications. Lasers Surg. Med.38, 468481.
  • 11
    Konopka, K. and T. Goslinski (2007) Photodynamic therapy in dentistry. J. Dent. Res.86, 694707.
  • 12
    Machado, A. H., K. C. Moraes, C. Pacheco Soares, M. B. Junior and N. S. da Silva (2010) Cellular changes after photodynamic therapy on HEp-2 cells using the new ZnPcBr(8) phthalocyanine. Photomed. Laser Surg.28 (Suppl. 1), S143S149.
  • 13
    Séguier, S., S. L. Souza, A. C. Sverzut, A. R. Simioni, F. L. Primo, A. Bodineau, V. M. Corrêa, B. Coulomb and A. C. Tedesco (2010) Impact of photodynamic therapy on inflammatory cells during human chronic periodontitis. J. Photochem. Photobiol., B101, 348354.
  • 14
    Primo, F. L., M. V. Bentley and A. C. Tedesco (2008) Photophysical studies and in vitro skin permeation/retention of Foscan/nanoemulsion (NE) applicable to photodynamic therapy skin cancer treatment. J. Nanosci. Nanotechnol.8, 340347.
  • 15
    Schwiertz, J., A. Wiehe, S. Gräfe, B. Gitter and M. Epple (2009) Calcium phosphate nanoparticles as efficient carriers for photodynamic therapy against cells and bacteria. Biomaterials30, 33243331.
  • 16
    Fadel, M., K. Kassab and D. A. Fadeel (2010) Zinc phthalocyanine-loaded PLGA biodegradable nanoparticles for photodynamic therapy in tumor-bearing mice. Lasers Med. Sci.25, 283292.
  • 17
    Longo, J. P., S. C. Leal, A. R. Simioni, M. de Fátima Menezes Almeida-Santos, A. C. Tedesco and R. B. Azevedo (2012) Photodynamic therapy disinfection of carious tissue mediated by aluminum-chloride-phthalocyanine entrapped in cationic liposomes: An in vitro and clinical study. Lasers Med. Sci.27, 575584.
  • 18
    da Volta Soares, M., M. R. Oliveira, E. P. dos Santos, L. de Brito Gitirana, G. M. Barbosa, C. H. Quaresma and E. Ricci-Júnior (2011) Nanostructured delivery system for zinc phthalocyanine: Preparation, characterization, and phototoxicity study against human lung adenocarcinoma A549 cells. Int. J. Nanomed.6, 227238.
  • 19
    Rossetti, F. C., L. B. Lopes, A. R. Carollo, J. A. Thomazini, A. C. Tedesco and M. V. Bentley (2011) A delivery system to avoid self-aggregation and to improve in vitro and in vivo skin delivery of a phthalocyanine derivative used in the photodynamic therapy. J. Controlled Release155, 400408.
  • 20
    Dovigo, L. N., A. C. Pavarina, A. P. Ribeiro, I. L. Brunetti, C. A. Costa, D. P. Jacomassi, V. S. Bagnato and C. Kurachi (2011) Investigation of the photodynamic effects of curcumin against Candida albicans. Photochem. Photobiol.87, 895903.
  • 21
    Pina-Vaz, C. and A. G. Rodrigues (2010) Evaluation of antifungal susceptibility using flow cytometry. Methods Mol. Biol.638, 281289.
  • 22
    Fontana, C. R., A. D. Abernethy, S. Som, K. Ruggiero, S. Doucette, R. C. Marcantonio, C. I. Boussios, R. Kent, J. M. Goodson, A. C. Tanner and N. S. Soukos (2009) The antibacterial effect of photodynamic therapy in dental plaque-derived biofilms. J. Periodontal Res.44, 751759.
  • 23
    Seneviratne, C. J., W. J. Silva, L. J. Jin, Y. H. Samaranayake and L. P. Samaranayake (2009) Architectural analysis, viability assessment and growth kinetics of Candida albicans and Candida glabrata biofilms. Arch. Oral Biol.54, 10521060.
  • 24
    Kolarova, H., R. Lenobel, P. Kolar and M. Strnad (2007) Sensitivity of different cell lines to phototoxic effect of disulfonated chloroaluminium phthalocyanine. Toxicol. In Vitro21, 13041306.
  • 25
    Maftoum-Costa, M., K. T. Naves, A. L. Oliveira, A. C. Tedesco, N. S. da Silva and C. Pacheco-Soares (2008) Mitochondria, endoplasmic reticulum and actin filament behavior after PDT with chloroaluminum phthalocyanine liposomal in HeLa cells. Cell Biol. Int.32, 10241028.
  • 26
    Longo, J. P., S. P. Lozzi, A. R. Simioni, P. C. Morais, A. C. Tedesco and R. B. Azevedo (2009) Photodynamic therapy with aluminum-chloro-phthalocyanine induces necrosis and vascular damage in mice tongue tumors. J. Photochem. Photobiol., B94, 143146.
  • 27
    Kyriazi, M., E. Alexandratou, D. Yova, M. Rallis and T. Trebst (2008) Topical photodynamic therapy of murine non-melanoma skin carcinomas with aluminum phthalocyanine chloride and a diode laser: Pharmacokinetics, tumor response and cosmetic outcomes. Photodermatol. Photoimmunol. Photomed.24, 8794.
  • 28
    Mantareva, V., V. Kussovski, I. Angelov, E. Borisova, L. Avramov, G. Schnurpfeil and D. Wöhrle (2007) Photodynamic activity of water-soluble phthalocyanine zinc(II) complexes against pathogenic microorganisms. Bioorg. Med. Chem.15, 48294835.
  • 29
    Mantareva, V., I. Angelov, V. Kussovski, R. Dimitrov, L. Lapok and D. Wöhrle (2011) Photodynamic efficacy of water-soluble Si(IV) and Ge(IV) phthalocyanines towards Candida albicans planktonic and biofilm cultures. Eur. J. Med. Chem.46, 44304440.
  • 30
    Mantareva, V., V. Kussovski, I. Angelov, D. Wöhrle, R. Dimitrov, E. Popova and S. Dimitrov (2011) Non-aggregated Ga(III)-phthalocyanines in the photodynamic inactivation of planktonic and biofilm cultures of pathogenic microorganisms. Photochem. Photobiol. Sci.10, 91102.
  • 31
    Zhao, B., J. J. Yin, P. J. Bilski, C. F. Chignell, J. E. Roberts and Y. Y. He (2009) Enhanced photodynamic efficacy towards melanoma cells by encapsulation of Pc4 in silica nanoparticles. Toxicol. Appl. Pharmacol.241, 163172.
  • 32
    Dovigo, L. N., A. C. Pavarina, J. C. Carmello, A. L. Machado, I. L. Brunetti and V. S. Bagnato (2011) Susceptibility of clinical isolates of Candida to photodynamic effects of curcumin. Lasers Surg. Med.43, 927934.
  • 33
    Cormick, M. P., M. G. Alvarez, M. Rovera and E. N. Durantini (2009) Photodynamic inactivation of Candida albicans sensitized by tri- and tetra-cationic porphyrin derivatives. Eur. J. Med. Chem.44, 15921599.
  • 34
    Dahl, T. A., W. M. McGowan, M. A. Shand and V. S. Srinivsan (1989) Photokilling of bacteria by the natural dye curcumin. Arch. Microbiol.151, 183185.
  • 35
    Giroldo, L. M., M. P. Felipe, M. A. de Oliveira, E. Munin, L. P. Alves and M. S. Costa (2009) Photodynamic antimicrobial chemotherapy (PACT) with methylene blue increases membrane permeability in Candida albicans. Lasers Med. Sci.24, 109112.
  • 36
    Chandra, J., D. M. Kuhn, P. K. Mukherjee, L. L. Hoyer, T. McCormick and M. A. Ghannoum (2001) Biofilm formation by the fungal pathogen Candida albicans: Development, architecture, and drug resistance. J. Bacteriol.183, 53855394.
  • 37
    Konopka, K., B. Dorocka-Bobkowska, S. Gebremedhin and N. Düzgüneş (2010) Susceptibility of Candida biofilms to histatin 5 and fluconazole. Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek97, 413417.
  • 38
    Pereira Gonzales, F. and T. Maisch (2012) Photodynamic inactivation for controlling Candida albicans infections. Fungal Biol.116, 110.
  • 39
    Zamperini, C. A., AL. Machado, CE. Vergani, AC. Pavarina, ET. Giampaolo and NC. da Cruz (2010) Adherence in vitro of Candida albicans to plasma treated acrylic resin. Effect of plasma parameters, surface roughness and salivary pellicle. Arch. Oral Biol.55, 763770.
  • 40
    Jin, Y., LP. Samaranayake, Y. Samaranayake and HK. Yip (2004) Biofilm formation of Candida albicans is variably affected by saliva and dietary sugars. Arch. Oral Biol.49, 789798.
  • 41
    Jackson, Z., S. Meghji, A. MacRobert, B. Henderson and M. Wilson (1999) Killing of the yeast and hyphal forms of Candida albicans using a light-activated antimicrobial agent. Lasers Med. Sci.14, 150157.