Photosynthetic Electron Transport in an Anoxygenic Photosynthetic Bacterium Afifella (Rhodopseudomonas) marina Measured Using PAM Fluorometry


  • Raymond J. Ritchie,

    Corresponding author
    • Tropical Environmental Plant Biology Unit, Faculty of Technology and Environment, Prince of Songkla University, Phuket, Thailand
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  • John W. Runcie

    1. Aquation Pty Ltd, Umina Beach, NSW, Australia
    2. School of Biological Sciences, University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW, Australia
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Blue diode-based pulse amplitude modulation (PAM) technology can be used to measure the photosynthetic electron transport rate (ETR) in a purple nonsulfur anoxygenic photobacterium, Afifella (Rhodopseudomonas) marina. Rhodopseudomonads have a reaction center light harvesting antenna complex containing an RC-2 type bacteriochlorophyll a protein (BChl a RC-2-LH1) which has a blue absorption peak and variable fluorescence similar to PSII. Absorptance of cells filtered onto glass fiber disks was measured using a blue–diode-based absorptance meter (Blue-RAT) so that absolute ETR could be calculated from PAM experiments. Maximum quantum yield (Y) was ≈0.6, decreasing exponentially as irradiance increased. ETR vs irradiance (P vs E) curves fitted the waiting-in-line model (ETR = (ETRmax × E/Eopt) × exp(1 − E/Eopt)). Maximum ETR (ETRmax) was ≈1000–2000 μmol e mg−1 BChl a h−1. Fe2+, bisulfite and thiosulfate act as photosynthetic electron donors. Optimum irradiance was ≈100 μmol m−2 s−1 PPFD even in Afifella grown in sunlight. Quantum efficiencies (α) were ≈0.3–0.4 mol e mol hλ−1; or ≈11.8 ± 2.9 mol e mol hλ−1 m2 μg−1 BChl a). An underlying layer of Afifella in a constructed algal/photosynthetic bacterial mat has little effect on the measured ETR of the overlying oxyphotoautotroph (Chlorella).