Kindergarten Self-Regulation As a Predictor of Body Mass Index and Sports Participation in Fourth Grade Students
Article first published online: 9 FEB 2012
© 2012 The Authors. Journal Compilation © 2012 International Mind, Brain, and Education Society and Blackwell Publishing, Inc.
Mind, Brain, and Education
Volume 6, Issue 1, pages 19–26, March 2012
How to Cite
Piché, G., Fitzpatrick, C. and Pagani, L. S. (2012), Kindergarten Self-Regulation As a Predictor of Body Mass Index and Sports Participation in Fourth Grade Students. Mind, Brain, and Education, 6: 19–26. doi: 10.1111/j.1751-228X.2011.01132.x
- Issue published online: 9 FEB 2012
- Article first published online: 9 FEB 2012
Identifying early precursors of body mass index (BMI) and sports participation represents an important concern from a public health perspective and can inform the development of preventive interventions. This article examines whether kindergarten child self-regulation, as measured by classroom engagement and behavioral regulation, predicts healthy dispositions in fourth grade. To address this objective, secondary analyses were conducted using prospective-longitudinal data from 966 children followed by the Quebec Longitudinal Study of Child Development. Self-regulatory skills, including classroom engagement and behavioral regulation, were measured by kindergarten teachers. Greater self-regulatory skills predicted lower BMI and greater parent-reported child sports participation, after controlling for a number of potentially confounding child and family characteristics. This article suggests that assessing kindergarten self-regulatory capacities may help identify children at risk of developing unhealthy dispositions and behaviors in middle childhood.