Get access

Teaching Is a Natural Cognitive Ability for Humans


Address correspondence to Sidney Strauss, School of Psychology, Center for Academic Studies, Or Yehuda, Israel or School of Education, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv 69978, Israel; e-mail: or


We suggest that a multidisciplinary approach to teaching has potential to widen its scope. In that vein, we revisit our original claim that teaching is a natural cognitive ability among humans. We elaborate on three requirements for such an ability and report that, first, teaching strategies may be developmentally reliable. Findings indicate a possible normative developmental trajectory from age one year through adulthood. Second, teaching seems to be species-typical, that is, it is a universal human achievement. Third, human teaching with a theory of mind (ToM) is species-unique. Nonhuman animals may teach without a ToM.