The preparation of this review and some of the research described in it have been supported by grants from the National Institute of Mental Health to Mark Snyder and to Allen M. Omoto.
Volunteerism: Social Issues Perspectives and Social Policy Implications
Article first published online: 24 NOV 2008
© 2008 The Society for the Psychological Study of Social Issues
Social Issues and Policy Review
Volume 2, Issue 1, pages 1–36, December 2008
How to Cite
Snyder, M. and Omoto, A. M. (2008), Volunteerism: Social Issues Perspectives and Social Policy Implications. Social Issues and Policy Review, 2: 1–36. doi: 10.1111/j.1751-2409.2008.00009.x
- Issue published online: 24 NOV 2008
- Article first published online: 24 NOV 2008
This analytic review focuses on theory and research on volunteerism. First, we define volunteerism as freely chosen helping activities that extend over time and that are often performed through organizations and on behalf of receptive causes or individuals. Next, we link these definitional features to the Volunteer Process Model, which depicts volunteerism as a process with three sequential and interactive stages (antecedents, experiences, and consequences) and at multiple levels of analysis. Then, we use this model to organize the empirical literature on volunteerism and selected work on social movements. Finally, we discuss implications for social policy issues relevant to individuals, organizations, communities, and societies.