Effects of Aerobic Exercise on Non–High-Density Lipoprotein Cholesterol in Children and Adolescents: A Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials
Article first published online: 27 AUG 2008
© 2008 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Progress in Cardiovascular Nursing
Volume 23, Issue 3, pages 128–132, Summer 2008
How to Cite
Kelley, G. A. and Kelley, K. S. (2008), Effects of Aerobic Exercise on Non–High-Density Lipoprotein Cholesterol in Children and Adolescents: A Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials. Progress in Cardiovascular Nursing, 23: 128–132. doi: 10.1111/j.1751-7117.2008.00002.x
- Issue published online: 27 AUG 2008
- Article first published online: 27 AUG 2008
- Manuscript received February 13, 2008; accepted June 21, 2008
Vol. 24, Issue 1, 44, Article first published online: 26 FEB 2009
The authors used the meta-analytic approach to examine the effects of aerobic exercise on non–high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (non–HDL-C) in children and adolescents. Thirteen non–HDL-C outcomes in 404 males and females (221 exercise, 183 control) were available for pooling. Random-effects modeling yielded a nonstatistically significant exercise minus control group reduction of 0.61% in non–HDL-C (±SEM, −0.7±2.4 mg/dL, 95% confidence interval [CI], −5.4 to 5.0 mg/dL). A statistically significant decrease of 7% was found for percent body fat (±SEM, −2.1±0.5%, 95% CI, −3.0 to −1.2%) as well as an 8% increase in aerobic capacity (±SEM, 3.4±1.0 mL/kg/min, 95% CI, 1.4–5.3 mL/kg/min), both secondary outcomes of the study. It was concluded that aerobic exercise does not reduce non–HDL-C but does improve percent body fat and aerobic capacity in children and adolescents. However, a need exists for additional studies on this topic.