Anemia in Chronic Heart Failure
Article first published online: 15 APR 2009
© 2009 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Congestive Heart Failure
Volume 15, Issue 2, pages 87–92, March/April 2009
How to Cite
Drakos, S. G., Anastasiou-Nana, M. I., Malliaras, K. G. and Nanas, J. N. (2009), Anemia in Chronic Heart Failure. Congestive Heart Failure, 15: 87–92. doi: 10.1111/j.1751-7133.2009.00049.x
- Issue published online: 15 APR 2009
- Article first published online: 15 APR 2009
- Manuscript received November 4, 2007; revised April 18, 2008; accepted May 23, 2008
Anemia is frequently observed in patients with chronic heart failure and is increasingly recognized as an important and treatable condition. The present review will summarize the current knowledge of the prevalence, causative factors, and pathophysiologic correlates of anemia in chronic heart failure. Despite increasing knowledge of anemia there are very few evidence-based recommendations for treatment. Potential benefits of therapy with supplemental hematinics such as iron, subcutaneous erythropoiesis–stimulating agents, or both will also be discussed.