Multivariate Risk Scores and Patient Outcomes in Advanced Heart Failure
Version of Record online: 21 JUL 2011
© 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Congestive Heart Failure
Volume 17, Issue 5, pages 205–212, September/October 2011
How to Cite
Ketchum, E. S. and Levy, W. C. (2011), Multivariate Risk Scores and Patient Outcomes in Advanced Heart Failure. Congestive Heart Failure, 17: 205–212. doi: 10.1111/j.1751-7133.2011.00241.x
- Issue online: 12 SEP 2011
- Version of Record online: 21 JUL 2011
Congest Heart Fail. 2011;17:205–212. © 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Significant improvements in survival have occurred for patients with advanced heart failure, with an increasing array of therapeutic options sharing quite varied properties of cost, invasiveness, and impact on life expectancy. Risk models allow patients and providers to achieve a better understanding of prognosis than is possible through unstructured holistic assessment. This article reviews scoring systems for heart failure prognostication in the general sense and in the setting of providing answers to specific clinical queries. Topics addressed include outpatient survival, risk of inpatient and post-discharge mortality, potential changes to clinician decision-making through better understanding of prognosis, and mortality after having a left ventricular assist device placed or receiving an implantable cardiac-defibrillator.