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This article discusses how perioperative physicians are currently faced with unique challenges when providing care for surgical patients who have undergone recent percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty with drug-eluting stent (DES) placement. Despite adhering to the currently recommended antiplatelet regimens, these patients may still be at risk for sustaining a myocardial infarction secondary to stent thrombosis during the perioperative period. Given the high morbidity and mortality rates associated with perioperative myocardial infarction, it is important that the perioperative care of surgical patients with previous DES placement should be discussed, evaluated, and clarified by all practitioners who may be involved in their care.

Prev Cardiol. 2010;13:8–13.©2009 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.