Potassium, Magnesium, and Calcium: Their Role in Both the Cause and Treatment of Hypertension
Article first published online: 22 AUG 2008
2008 Le Jacq
The Journal of Clinical Hypertension
Volume 10, Issue 7, pages 3–11, July 2008
How to Cite
Houston, M. C. and Harper, K. J. (2008), Potassium, Magnesium, and Calcium: Their Role in Both the Cause and Treatment of Hypertension. The Journal of Clinical Hypertension, 10: 3–11. doi: 10.1111/j.1751-7176.2008.08575.x
- Issue published online: 22 AUG 2008
- Article first published online: 22 AUG 2008
Despite advances in the prevention and treatment of hypertension over the past decade, hypertension remains an important public health challenge. Recent efforts to reduce the prevalence of hypertension have focused on nonpharmacologic means, specifically diet. An increased intake of minerals such as potassium, magnesium, and calcium by dietary means has been shown in some but not all studies to reduce blood pressure in patients with hypertension. This review will discuss the roles of potassium, magnesium, and calcium in the prevention and treatment of essential hypertension with specific emphasis on clinical trial evidence, mechanism of action, and recommendations for dietary intake of these minerals. A high intake of these minerals through increased consumption of fruits and vegetables may improve blood pressure levels and reduce coronary heart disease and stroke.
J Clin Hypertens (Greenwich). 2008;10(7 suppl 2):2–11.