• 1
    Arias E. United States Life Tables, 2004. In: National Vital Statistics Reports. Vol. 56, No. 9. December 28, 2007. Table 10.
  • 2
    Projections of the Population by Age and Sex for the United States: 2010 to 2050. Population Division, U.S. Census Bureau; Release Date: August 14, 2008. Table 12.
  • 3
    Budnitz DS, Shehab N, Kegler SR, et al. Medication use leading to emergency department visits for adverse drug events in older adults. Ann Intern Med. 2007;147:755765.
  • 4
    Beckett NS, Peters R, Fletcher AE, et al., for the HYVET Study. Treatment of hypertension in patients 80 years of age or older. N Engl J Med. 2008; 358:18871898.
  • 5
    Bogousslavsky J, Hennerici MG, Kaste M, et al. The Mannheim declaration of stroke in Eastern Europe. Cerebrovasc Dis. 2004;18:248.
  • 6
    SHEP Cooperative Research Group. Prevention of stroke by antihypertensive drug treatment in older persons with isolated systolic hypertension: final results of the Systolic Hypertension in the Elderly Program (SHEP). JAMA. 1991;265:32553264.
  • 7
    Yusuf S, Teo KK, Pogue J, et al. and the ONTARGET Investigators. Telmisartan, ramipril, or both in patients at high risk for vascular events. N Engl J Med. 2008;358:15471559.
  • 8
    Kagiyama S, Fukuhara M, Ansai T, et al. Association between blood pressure and mortality in 80 year old subjects from a population-based prospective study in Japan. Hypertens Res. 2008;31:265270.
  • 9
    Satish S, Freeman DH, Ray L, et al. The relationship between blood pressure and mortality in the oldest old. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2001;49:367374.
  • 10
    Langer R, Criqui MH, Barrett-Connor EL, et al. Blood pressure change and survival after 75. Hypertension. 1993;22:551559.
  • 11
    Port S, Demer L, Jennrich R, et al. Systolic blood pressure and mortality. Lancet. 2000;355:175180.
  • 12
    Euser SM, Van Bemmel T, Schram MT, et al. The effect of age on the association between blood pressure and cognitive function later in life. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2009;57:12321237.
  • 13
    Rutan GH, Hermanson B, Bild DE, et al. Orthostatic hypotension in older adults. The Cardiovascular Health Study. CHS Collaborative Research Group. Hypertension. 1992;19(6 Pt 1):508519.
  • 14
    Ooi WL, Barrett S, Hossain M, et al. Patterns of orthostatic blood pressure change and their clinical correlates in a frail, elderly population. JAMA. 1997;277:12991304.
  • 15
    Hiitola P, Enlund H, Kettunen R, et al. Postural changes in blood pressure and the prevalence of orthostatic hypotension among home-dwelling elderly aged 75 years or older. J Hum Hypertens. 2009;23:3339.
  • 16
    Masaki KH, Schatz IJ, Burchfiel CM, et al. Orthostatic hypotension predicts mortality in elderly men. The Honolulu Heart Program. Circulation. 1998;98:22902295.
  • 17
    Kario K, Eguchi K, Nakagawa Y, et al. Relationship between extreme dippers and orthostatic hypertension in elderly hypertensive patients. Hypertension. 1998;31:7782.