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J Clin Hypertens (Greenwich). 2010;12:741–745. ©2010 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

This study was designed to evaluate the prevalence of the metabolic syndrome (MetS), impaired fasting blood glucose (IFG), insulin resistance (IR), hypertriglyceridemia (HTG), and low high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) in adult Uygur and Kazak populations. Questionnaires, blood pressure, anthropometric measurement, and fasting glucose were evaluated. The age-adjusted prevalence of MetS and IFG was 3.43- and 1.47-fold higher, respectively, in Uygurs compared with Kazaks. The prevalence of IR and HTG was 1.33- and 2.22-fold higher, respectively, in Uygurs compared with Kazaks. In addition, the prevalence of low HDL-C was 4.05-fold higher in Uygurs compared with Kazaks. These data depicted greater risk for cardiometabolic syndrome in Uygurs compared with Kazaks. In addition, all prevalence with the exception of low HDL-C was greater in men compared with women in both ethnic groups. For body mass index (BMI) <24, 24 to 28, and ≥28 kg/m2, the prevalence of MetS, HTG, and low HDL-C was higher in Uygurs than Kazaks at the same BMI level. For individuals with a BMI between 24 and 28, the prevalence of IR but not IFG was significantly greater in Uygurs than Kazaks. At BMI ≥28, neither IFG nor IR was overtly different between the two ethnic groups.