SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • 1
    Houghton JL, Frank MJ, Carr AA, et al. Relations among impaired coronary flow reserve, left ventricular hypertrophy and thallium perfusion defects in hypertensive patients without obstructive coronary artery disease. J Am Coll Cardiol. 1990;15:4351.
  • 2
    Britten MB, Zeiher AM, Schachinger V. Microvascular dysfunction in angiographically normal or mildly diseased coronary arteries predicts adverse cardiovascular long-term outcome. Coron Artery Dis. 2004;15:259264.
  • 3
    Tomas JP, Moya JL, Barrios V, et al. Effect of candesartan on coronary flow reserve in patients with systemic hypertension. J Hypertens. 2006;24:21092114.
  • 4
    Barra S, Vitagliano A, Cuomo V, et al. Vascular and metabolic effects of angiotensin II receptor blockers. Expert Opin Pharmacother. 2009;10:173189.
  • 5
    Seccia TM, Belloni AS, Kreutz R, et al. Cardiac fibrosis occurs early and involves endothelin and AT-1 receptors in hypertension due to endogenous angiotensin II. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2003;41:666673.
  • 6
    Caiati C, Montaldo C, Zedda N, et al. New noninvasive method for coronary flow reserve assessment: contrast-enhanced transthoracic second harmonic echo Doppler. Circulation. 1999;99:771778.
  • 7
    Hozumi T, Yoshida K, Akasaka T, et al. Noninvasive assessment of coronary flow velocity and coronary flow velocity reserve in the left anterior descending coronary artery by Doppler echocardiography: comparison with invasive technique. J Am Coll Cardiol. 1998;32:12511259.
  • 8
    Lethen H, Tries HP, Brechtken J, et al. Comparison of transthoracic Doppler echocardiography to intracoronary Doppler guidewire measurements for assessment of coronary flow reserve in the left anterior descending artery for detection of restenosis after coronary angioplasty. Am J Cardiol. 2003;91:412417.
  • 9
    Lethen H, Tries P, Kersting S, et al. Validation of noninvasive assessment of coronary flow velocity reserve in the right coronary artery. A comparison of transthoracic echocardiographic results with intracoronary Doppler flow wire measurements. Eur Heart J. 2003;24:15671575.
  • 10
    Motz W, Strauer BE. Improvement of coronary flow reserve after long-term therapy with enalapril. Hypertension. 1996;27:10311038.
  • 11
    Schwartzkopff B, Brehm M, Mundhenke M, et al. Repair of coronary arterioles after treatment with perindopril in hypertensive heart disease. Hypertension. 2000;36:220225.
  • 12
    Devereux RB. Detection of left ventricular hypertrophy by M-mode echocardiography. Anatomic validation, standardization, and comparison to other methods. Hypertension. 1987; 9(2 pt 2):II19II26.
  • 13
    Roman MJ, Naqvi TZ, Gardin JM, et al. Clinical application of noninvasive vascular ultrasound in cardiovascular risk stratification: a report from the American Society of Echocardiography and the Society of Vascular Medicine and Biology. J Am Soc Echocardiogr. 2006;19:943954.
  • 14
    Levy BI, Ambrosio G, Pries AR, et al. Microcirculation in hypertension: a new target for treatment? Circulation. 2001;104:735740.
  • 15
    Erdogan D, Yildirim I, Ciftci O, et al. Effects of normal blood pressure, prehypertension, and hypertension on coronary microvascular function. Circulation. 2007;115:593599.
  • 16
    Laine H, Raitakari OT, Niinikoski H, et al. Early impairment of coronary flow reserve in young men with borderline hypertension. J Am Coll Cardiol. 1998;32:147153.
  • 17
    Brilla CG, Janicki JS, Weber KT. Impaired diastolic function and coronary reserve in genetic hypertension. Role of interstitial fibrosis and medial thickening of intramyocardial coronary arteries. Circ Res. 1991;69:107115.
  • 18
    Panza JA, Quyyumi AA, Brush JE Jr, et al. Abnormal endothelium-dependent vascular relaxation in patients with essential hypertension. N Engl J Med. 1990;323:2227.
  • 19
    Schwartzkopff B, Motz W, Frenzel H, et al. Structural and functional alterations of the intramyocardial coronary arterioles in patients with arterial hypertension. Circulation. 1993;88:9931003.
  • 20
    Camici PG, Crea F. Coronary microvascular dysfunction. N Engl J Med. 2007;356:830840.
  • 21
    Doughan AK, Harrison DG, Dikalov SI. Molecular mechanisms of angiotensin II mediated mitochondrial dysfunction: linking mitochondrial oxidative damage and vascular endothelial dysfunction. Circ Res. 2008;102:488496.
  • 22
    Dzau VJ. Theodore Cooper lecture: tissue angiotensin and pathobiology of vascular disease: a unifying hypothesis. Hypertension. 2001;37:10471052.
  • 23
    Kern MJ, Lerman A, Bech JW, et al. Physiological assessment of coronary artery disease in the cardiac catheterization laboratory: a scientific statement from the American Heart Association Committee on Diagnostic and Interventional Cardiac Catheterization, Council on Clinical Cardiology. Circulation. 2006;114:13211341.
  • 24
    Buus NH, Bottcher M, Jorgensen CG, et al. Myocardial perfusion during long-term angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibition or beta-blockade in patients with essential hypertension. Hypertension. 2004;44:465470.
  • 25
    Kitakaze M, Asanuma H, Funaya H, et al. Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors and angiotensin II receptor blockers synergistically increase coronary blood flow in canine ischemic myocardium: role of bradykinin. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2002;40:162166.
  • 26
    Hinoi T, Tomohiro Y, Kajiwara S, et al. Telmisartan, an angiotensin II type 1 receptor blocker, improves coronary microcirculation and insulin resistance among essential hypertensive patients without left ventricular hypertrophy. Hypertens Res. 2008;31:615622.
  • 27
    Goette A, Bukowska A, Dobrev D, et al. Acute atrial tachyarrhythmia induces angiotensin II type 1 receptor-mediated oxidative stress and microvascular flow abnormalities in the ventricles. Eur Heart J. 2009;30:14111420.
  • 28
    Warnholtz A, Ostad MA, Heitzer T, et al. AT1-receptor blockade with irbesartan improves peripheral but not coronary endothelial dysfunction in patients with stable coronary artery disease. Atherosclerosis. 2007;194:439445.
  • 29
    Frohlich ED, Apstein C, Chobanian AV, et al. The heart in hypertension. N Engl J Med. 1992;327:9981008.
  • 30
    Kumagai K, Nakashima H, Urata H, et al. Effects of angiotensin II type 1 receptor antagonist on electrical and structural remodeling in atrial fibrillation. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2003;41:21972204.
  • 31
    Li D, Shinagawa K, Pang L, et al. Effects of angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibition on the development of the atrial fibrillation substrate in dogs with ventricular tachypacing-induced congestive heart failure. Circulation. 2001;104:26082614.