Epidemiology of Resistant Hypertension
Article first published online: 28 MAR 2011
© 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
The Journal of Clinical Hypertension
Volume 13, Issue 7, pages 523–528, July 2011
How to Cite
Sarafidis, P. A. (2011), Epidemiology of Resistant Hypertension. The Journal of Clinical Hypertension, 13: 523–528. doi: 10.1111/j.1751-7176.2011.00445.x
- Issue published online: 18 JUL 2011
- Article first published online: 28 MAR 2011
- Manuscript received November 13, 2010; Accepted: January 22, 2011
J Clin Hypertens (Greenwich). 2011;13:523–528. ©2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Resistant hypertension is an entity that has gained a lot of attention in recent years. The prevalence and prognosis of resistant hypertension have not yet been examined by proper population studies, but data from several sources suggest that this entity is not uncommon and is associated with an elevated risk of hypertensive complications. Moreover, several factors and conditions that can interfere with blood pressure control such as excess sodium intake, obesity, diabetes, older age, kidney disease, and certain identifiable causes of hypertension were shown to be common among patients with resistance to antihypertensive treatment. Importantly, the prevalence of several of these conditions has been increasing continuously during the past years, suggesting a future increase in the frequency of resistant hypertension. This article will discuss current knowledge and associated future implications relevant to the epidemiology of resistant hypertension.