Are There Pleiotropic Effects of Antihypertensive Medications or Is It All About the Blood Pressure in the Patient With Diabetes and Hypertension?

Authors

  • Domenic Sica MD

    1. From the Section of Clinical Pharmacology and Hypertension, Division of Nephrology, Medical College of Virginia of Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, VA
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Domenic A. Sica, MD, Section of Clinical Pharmacology and Hypertension, Division of Nephrology, Box 980160, MCV Station, Medical College of Virginia of Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, VA 23298-0160
E-mail: dsica@mcvh-vcu.edu

Abstract

Many small studies with varied surrogate end points and numerous preclinical data have suggested the likelihood of there being specific benefits that exceed simple blood pressure control with drug classes such as angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors, angiotensin receptor blockers, and calcium channel blockers, which may be particularly relevant to the patient with diabetes and hypertension. Large clinical trials, however, have provided only token support for this idea. Likewise, meta-analyses that have incorporated varied clinical trials, albeit with somewhat heterogeneous data, have not been particularly forthcoming in their support of this concept. In the patient with diabetes and hypertension, tight blood pressure control, more so than using a specific drug class, is the most important aspect of therapy. J Clin Hypertens (Greenwich). 2011;13:301–304. © 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

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