Regular Use of a Home Blood Pressure Monitor by Hypertensive Adults—HealthStyles, 2005 and 2008
Article first published online: 19 JAN 2012
© 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
The Journal of Clinical Hypertension
Volume 14, Issue 3, pages 172–177, March 2012
How to Cite
Ayala, C., Tong, X. and Keenan, N. L. (2012), Regular Use of a Home Blood Pressure Monitor by Hypertensive Adults—HealthStyles, 2005 and 2008. The Journal of Clinical Hypertension, 14: 172–177. doi: 10.1111/j.1751-7176.2011.00582.x
- Issue published online: 28 FEB 2012
- Article first published online: 19 JAN 2012
- Manuscript received: July 14, 2011; Revised: November 8, 2011; Accepted: November 15, 2011
J Clin Hypertens (Greenwich). 2012;14:172–177. ©2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
The authors analyzed HealthStyles surveys 2005 and 2008 combined to assess the prevalence of regular home blood pressure monitor (HBPM) use among hypertensive adults. All data were self-reported. The authors calculated odds ratios (ORs) of regular HBPM use and relative percent change (RPC) in the use of HBPM between the 2 survey years. There were 3739 (32.6%) hypertensives in the 2 survey years combined. Based on the self-reported data, the proportion of hypertensives who regularly used an HBPM was 43.2%. Male sex, age, race/ethnicity, household income, and education were all associated with differences in the prevalence of regular HBPM use. Patients 65 years and older (OR, 2.38; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.49–3.81) were significantly more likely to be regular HBPM users than those 18 to 34 years. Non-Hispanic blacks were significantly less likely (OR, 0.69; 95% CI, 0.55–0.86) to be regular HBPM users than non-Hispanic whites. From 2005 to 2008, the RPC in regular HBPM use was 14.2% (from 40.1% to 45.8%); the largest RPCs were for the 3 youngest age groups, men, non-Hispanic blacks, and those with a household income of $40,000 to 59,900. Because HBPM has been demonstrated to aid in hypertension control, health care professionals should promote its use especially among hypertensives who are younger, non-Hispanic blacks, Hispanics, or with a lower income.