Dietary Supplements and Hypertension: Potential Benefits and Precautions
Article first published online: 14 MAY 2012
© 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
The Journal of Clinical Hypertension
Volume 14, Issue 7, pages 467–471, July 2012
How to Cite
Rasmussen, C. B., Glisson, J. K. and Minor, D. S. (2012), Dietary Supplements and Hypertension: Potential Benefits and Precautions. The Journal of Clinical Hypertension, 14: 467–471. doi: 10.1111/j.1751-7176.2012.00642.x
- Issue published online: 2 JUL 2012
- Article first published online: 14 MAY 2012
- Manuscript received: September 27, 2011; Revised: March 1, 2012; Accepted: March 14, 2012
J Clin Hypertens (Greenwich). 2012; 14:467–471. ©2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Dietary supplements (DSs) are used extensively in the general population and many are promoted for the natural treatment and management of hypertension. Patients with hypertension often choose to use these products either in addition to or instead of pharmacologic antihypertensive agents. Because of the frequent use of DS, both consumers and health care providers should be aware of the considerable issues surrounding these products and factors influencing both efficacy and safety. In this review of the many DSs promoted for the management of hypertension, 4 products with evidence of possible benefits (coenzyme Q10, fish oil, garlic, vitamin C) and 4 that were consistently associated with increasing blood pressure were found (ephedra, Siberian ginseng, bitter orange, licorice). The goals and objectives of this review are to discuss the regulation of DS, evaluate the efficacy of particular DS in the treatment of hypertension, and highlight DS that may potentially increase blood pressure.