Facial and vocal affect perception in people at ultra-high risk of psychosis, first-episode schizophrenia and healthy controls
Article first published online: 1 JUN 2012
© 2012 Wiley Publishing Asia Pty Ltd
Early Intervention in Psychiatry
Volume 6, Issue 4, pages 450–454, November 2012
How to Cite
Amminger, G. P., Schäfer, M. R., Klier, C. M., Schlögelhofer, M., Mossaheb, N., Thompson, A., Bechdolf, A., Allott, K., McGorry, P. D. and Nelson, B. (2012), Facial and vocal affect perception in people at ultra-high risk of psychosis, first-episode schizophrenia and healthy controls. Early Intervention in Psychiatry, 6: 450–454. doi: 10.1111/j.1751-7893.2012.00362.x
- Issue published online: 29 OCT 2012
- Article first published online: 1 JUN 2012
- Received 31 August 2011; accepted 14 February 2012
- affective prosody;
- facial emotion labelling;
- first-episode schizophrenia;
- ultra-high risk
Aim: The study aims to investigate affect recognition in young people at different stages of psychotic illness.
Methods: Seventy-nine ultra-high risk patients, 30 first-episode schizophrenia patients and 30 healthy control subjects completed a facial affect labelling test and an affective prosody recognition test. Psychiatric symptoms were assessed using the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS).
Results: We observed significant impairments in facial and vocal emotion recognition in both of the clinical groups compared with the control group. These group differences remained significant when age, sex and education were taken into account.
Conclusions: The findings suggest that emotion recognition impairments may be independent of the stage of illness in schizophrenia. Deficits in emotion recognition may be present before the full expression of psychotic illness, and may contribute to the social cognition and social functioning deficits apparent in emerging psychotic disorders.