• Open Access


An annotated selection of World Wide Web sites relevant to the topics in environmental microbiology


  • Lawrence P. Wackett

    1. McKnight Professor and Head
      Microbial Biochemistry and Biotechnology
      Department of Biochemistry
      Molecular Biology and Biophysics
      University of Minnesota
      St Paul, MN 55108, USA
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Biosensors for analytical modeling


This website of the Environmental Protection Agency provides a good general introduction and review of biosensors. The emphasis is on biosensors for environmental monitoring.

Biosensors and other medical and environmental probes


These web pages provide a history and overview of biosensors.

Biosensors congress


This conference website provides a searchable and topic-organized set of abstracts and papers on various aspects of current biosensors research.

Biosensors and Bioelecronics


This is the website for a major scientific journal dealing with biosensors and bioelectronics. There are added features such as links to ‘newsroom,’‘job search,’ and other fields of interest.

Center for bioelectronics, biosensors and biochips


This site describes research being conducted at the Center for Bioelectronics, Biosensors and Biochips at Clemson University.

What are biosensors?


This website provides excellent fundamental information on what constitutes a biosensor, their types and applications.

Whole cell recombinant bacterial sensors


This website provides information on biosensors and various bioassays.

Microbial biosensors


This is a link to a broad-based review on microbial and microbial enzymatic biosensors.

Biosensors for environmental modeling factsheet


Environmental chemical monitoring can be expensive. This site describes research for developing cheaper, and easier to use, biosensor methods for environmental monitoring purposes.

Immobilized enzyme biosensor


This commercial website illustrates how a biosensor is constructed. There is also information on specific sensors designed to analyze for specific biologically-relevant molecules.

Biosensor for middle chain alkanes


This abstract describes a method for detecting medium chain-length alkanes via a sensor that emits light in the presence of the analyte.

Lesson on biosensors


This site contains class notes for a University class on biosensor technology.

Assessment of research on biosensing


This website reports the findings of a panel charged with gathering and disseminating information on the current status of biosensor research and development.



This commercial website contains useful information on many different biosensor applications. The site contains useful illustrations and descriptions of different applications.

Institute of bio-sensing technology


The Institute for Bio-sensing Technology endeavors to promote academic/industrial partnerships for developing new technology for detection and measurement of biological systems.

In search of a biosensing biocide


This web article describes a self-assembling nanotubule material that will detect bacteria and also act as a biocide.