• Argyle, M. (1999). Causes and correlates of happiness. In D.Kahneman, E.Diener, & N.Schwarz (Eds.), Well-being: The Foundations of Hedonic Psychology (pp. 353373). New York, NY: Russell Sage Foundation.
  • Argyle, M. (2001). The Psychology of Happiness (2nd edn). New York, NY: Routledge.
  • Cohen, J. (1988). Statistical Power Analysis for the Behavioral Sciences (2nd edn). Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.
  • Costa, P. T., McCrae, R. R., & Zonderman, A. B. (1987). Environmental and dispositional influences on well-being: Longitudinal follow-up of an American national sample. British Journal of Psychology, 78, 299306.
  • Davis, J. A., Smith, T. W., & Mardsen, P. V. (1999). General Social Surveys, 1972–1998: Cumulative Code Book. Chicago, IL: National Opinion Research Center.
  • Diener, E. (1984). Subjective well-being. Psychological Bulletin, 95, 542575.
  • Diener, E. (2008). Myths in the science of happiness, and directions for future research. In M.Eid & R. J.Larsen (Eds.), The Science of Subjective Well-being (pp. 493512). New York, NY: Guilford.
  • Diener, E., & Biswas-Diener, R. (2002). Will money increase subjective well-being?: A literature review and guide to needed research. Social Indicators Research, 57, 119169.
  • Diener, E., Suh, E. M., Lucas, R. E., & Smith, H. L. (1999). Subjective well-being: Three decades of progress. Psychological Bulletin, 125, 276302.
  • Diener, E., Kahneman, D., Tov, W., Muller, G., Arora, R., & Harter, J. (2008). Quality of Human Life on Planet Earth. Manuscript in preparation: University of Illinois.
  • Easterlin, R. A. (1995). Will raising the incomes of all increase the happiness of all? Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, 27, 3547.
  • Eid, M., & Diener, E. (2004). Global judgments of subjective well-being: Situational variability and long-term stability. Social Indicators Research, 65, 245277.
  • Eid, M., & Diener, E. (2005). Handbook of Multimethod Measurement in Psychology. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.
  • Eid, M., & Larsen, R. (2008). The Science of Subjective Well-being. New York, NY: Guilford.
  • Fujita, F., & Diener, E. (2005). Life satisfaction set-point: Stability and change. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 88, 158164.
  • Haring, M., Stock, W. A., & Okun, M. A. (1984). A research synthesis of gender and social class as correlates of subjective well-being. Human Relations, 37, 645657.
  • Haring-Hidore, M., Stock, W. A., Okun, M. A., & Witter, R. A. (1985). Marital status and subjective well-being: A research synthesis. Journal of Marriage and the Family, 47, 947953.
  • House, J. S., Robbins, C., & Metzner, H. (1982). The association of social relationships and activities with mortality: Prospective evidence from the Tecumseh Community Health Study. American Journal of Epidemiology, 116, 123140.
  • House, J. S., Landis, K. R., & Umberson, D. (1988). Social relationships and health. Science, 241, 540545.
  • Kahneman, D., Diener, E., & Schwarz, N. (1999). Well-being: The Foundations of Hedonic Psychology. New York, NY: Russell-Sage.
  • Keller, M. C., Fredrickson, B. L., Ybarra, O., Cote, S., Johnson, K., Mikels, J., Conway, A., & Wager, T. (2005). A warm heart and a clear head: The contingent effects of weather on mood and cognition. Psychological Science, 16, 724731.
    Direct Link:
  • Lucas, R. E. (2005). Time does not heal all wounds. A longitudinal study of reaction and adaptation to divorce. Psychological Science, 16, 945950.
    Direct Link:
  • Lucas, R. E. (2007a). Long-term disability is associated with lasting changes in subjective well being: Evidence from two nationally representative longitudinal studies. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 92, 717730.
  • Lucas, R. E. (2007b). Adaptation and the set-point model of subjective well-being: Does happiness change after major life events? Current Directions in Psychological Science, 16, 7580.
    Direct Link:
  • Lucas, R. E. (2008). Personality and subjective well-being. In M.Eid & R. J.Larsen (Eds.), The Science of Subjective Well-being (pp. 171194). New York, NY: Guilford.
  • Lucas, R. E., & Donnellan, M. B. (2007). How Stable is Happiness? Using the STARTS model to estimate the stability of life satisfaction. Journal of Research in Personality, 41, 10911098.
  • Lucas, R. E., & Dyrenforth, P. S. (2006). Does the existence of social relationships matter for subjective well-being? In K. D.Vohs & E. J.Finkel (Eds.), Self and Relationships: Connecting Intrapersonal and Interpersonal Processes (pp. 254273). New York, NY: Guilford Press.
  • Lucas, R. E., & Schimmack, U. (forthcoming). Money Matters: Reexamining the Link between Income and Happiness.
  • Lucas, R. E., Clark, A. E., Georgellis, Y., & Diener, E. (2003). Reexamining adaptation and the set point model of happiness: Reactions to changes in marital status. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 84, 527539.
  • Lucas, R. E., Clark, A. E., Georgellis, Y., & Diener, E. (2004). Unemployment alters the set-point for life satisfaction. Psychological Science, 15, 813.
    Direct Link:
  • Lykken, D. T., & Tellegen, A. (1996). Happiness is a stochastic phenomenon. Psychological Science, 7, 186189.
    Direct Link:
  • Mastekaasa, A. (1994). Marital status, distress, and well-being: An international comparison. Journal of Comparative Family Studies, 25, 183205.
  • Meyer, G. J., Finn, S. E., Eyde, L. D., Kay, G. G., Moreland, K. L., Dies, R. R., et al. (2001). Psychological testing and psychological assessment: A review of evidence and issues. American Psychologist, 56, 128165.
  • Okun, M. A., Stock, W. A., Haring, M. J., & Witter, R. A. (1984). Health and subjective well-being: A meta-analysis. International Journal of Aging and Human Development, 19, 111132.
  • Pinquart, M., & Sörensen, S. (2000). Influences of socioeconomic status, social network, and competence on subjective well-being in later life: A meta-analysis. Psychology and Aging, 15, 187224.
  • Rosenthal, R., & Rubin, D. B. (1982). A simple, general purpose display of magnitude of experimental effect. Journal of Educational Psychology, 74, 166169.
  • Schimmack, U., & Oishi, S. (2005). The influence of chronically and temporarily accessible information on life satisfaction judgments. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 89, 395406.
  • Schwarz, N., & Clore, G. L. (1983). Mood, misattribution, and judgments of well-being: Informative and directive functions of affective states. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 45, 513523.
  • Schwarz, N., & Strack, F. (1999). Reports of subjective well-being: Judgmental processes and their methodological implications. In D.Kahneman, E.Diener & N.Schwarz (Eds.), Well-being: The Foundations of Hedonic Psychology (pp. 7175). New York, NY: Russell Sage Foundation.
  • Strack, F., Martin, M., & Schwarz, N. (1988). Priming and communication: Social determinants of information use in judgments of life satisfaction. European Journal of Social Psychology, 18, 429442.
  • Stutzer, A., & Frey, B. S. (2003). Does Marriage Make People Happy, or Do Happy People Get Married? Social Science Research Network. Retrieved August 27, 2004, from
  • Wood, W., Rhodes, N., & Whelan, M. (1989). Sex differences in positive well-being: A consideration of emotional style and marital status. Psychological Bulletin, 106, 249264.