SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • Addington, Lynn A. 2003. ‘Students’ Fear after Columbine: Findings from a Randomized Experiment.’ Journal of Quantitative Criminology 19: 36787.
  • Aitken, Stuart C. 2001. ‘Schoolyard Shootings: Racism, Sexism, and Moral Panics over Teen Violence.’ Antipode 33: 593600.
  • Altheide, David L. 2002a. ‘Children and the Discourse of Fear.’ Symbolic Interaction 25: 22950.
  • Altheide, David L. 2002b. Creating Fear: News and the Construction of Crisis. New York: Aldine de Gruyter.
  • Arcus, Doreen 2002. ‘School Shooting Fatalities and School Corporal Punishment: A Look at the States.’ Aggressive Behavior 28: 17383.
  • Aronson, Elliot 2004. ‘How the Columbine High School Tragedy Could Have Been Prevented.’ Journal of Individual Psychology 60: 35560.
  • Bonilla, Denise M. 2000. School Violence. New York: H.W. Wilson.
  • Brooks, Kim, Vincent Schiraldi and Jason Ziedenberg 2000. School House Hype. Washington, DC: Justice Policy Institute.
  • Burgess, Ann, Christina Garbarino and Mary Carlson 2006. ‘Pathological Teasing and Bullying Turned Deadly: Shooters and Suicide.’ Victims & Offenders 1: 113.
  • Burns, Ronald and Charles Crawford 1999. ‘School Shootings, the Media, and Public Fear: Ingredients for Moral Panic.’ Crime, Law, and Social Change 32: 14768.
  • Caputo, Philip 2005. 13 Seconds: A Look Back at the Kent State Shootings. New York: Chamberlain Bros.
  • Catlaw, Thomas J. 2000. ‘On Interpellation and Violence at Columbine.’ Journal for the Psychoanalysis of Culture and Society 5: 33842.
  • Center for Media and Public Affairs 1999. ‘Violence Goes to School.’ Media Monitor 13: 16.
  • Chapin, John and Grace Coleman 2006. ‘Knowledge is Power: A Theory-Based Approach to Reducing School Violence.’ Journal of Family Violence 21: 3816.
  • Chenault, Scott 2004. ‘An Overview of the Relationship between Juvenile School Shootings and the Media.’ Journal of the Institute of Justice and International Studies 4: 10111.
  • Chyi, Hsiang Iris and Maxwell McCombs 2004. ‘Media Salience and the Process of Framing: Coverage of the Columbine School Shootings.’ Journalism and Mass Communication Quarterly 81: 2235.
  • CNN 2003. ‘Police Search for Motive in School Shooting.’ Retrieved January 26, 2007, from http://edition.cnn.com/2003/US/Northeast/04/24/school.shooting/index.html.
  • CNN 2006. ‘Police: School Killer Told Wife He Molested Family Members.’ Retrieved January 24, 2007, from http://edition.cnn.com/2006/US/10/03/amish.shooting/index.html.
  • Consalvo, Mia 2003. ‘The Monsters Next Door: Media Constructions of Boys and Masculinity.’ Feminist Media Studies 3: 2745.
  • Cook, Daniel Thomas 2000. ‘Childhood Is Killing “Our” Children: Some Thoughts on the Columbine High School Shootings and the Agentive Child.’ Childhood 7: 10717.
  • Cornell, Dewey G. 2006. School Violence: Fears Versus Facts. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
  • Curry, Vicky 2003. ‘Thurston High School: The Effects of Both Distal and Emotional Proximity in an Acute Instance of School Violence.’ Journal of School Violence 2: 93120.
  • Daniels, Jeffrey A., Ilene Buck, Susan Croxall, Julia Gruber, Peter Kime and Heidi Govert 2007. ‘A Content Analysis of News Reports of Averted School Rampages.’ Journal of School Violence 6: 8399.
  • DeJong, William, Joel C. Epstein and Thomas E. Hart 2003. ‘Bad Things Happen in Good Communities: The Rampage Shooting at Edinboro, Pennsylvania, and Its Aftermath.’ Pp. 70100 in Deadly Lessons: Understanding Lethal School Violence, edited by Mark H. Moore, Carol V. Petrie, Anthony A. Braga and Brenda L. McLaughlin. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press.
  • Dimitriadis, Greg and Cameron McCarthy 2003. ‘Creating a New Panopticon: Columbine, Cultural Studies, and the Uses of Foucault.’ Pp. 27392 in Foucault, Cultural Studies, and Governmentality, edited by Jack Z. Bratich, Jeremy Parker and Cameron McCarthy. Albany, NY: State University of New York Press.
  • Dinkes, Rachel, Emily Forrest Cataldi, Grace Kena, Katrina Baum and Thomas D. Snyder 2006. Indicators of School Crime and Safety: 2006. Washington, DC: U.S. Departments of Education and Justice.
  • Dunlop, John B. 2006. The 2002 Dubrovka and 2004 Beslan Hostage Crises: A Critique of Russian Counter-Terrorism. Stuttgart, Germany: Ibidem-Verlag.
  • Egendorf, Laura K. (ed.) 2002. School Shootings. San Diego, CA: Greenhaven Press.
  • Eglin, Peter and Stephen Hester 2003. The Montreal Massacre: A Story of Membership Categorization Analysis. Waterloo, ON: Wilfrid Laurier University Press.
  • Elliott, Delbert, Beatrix A. Hamburg and Kirk R. Williams 1998. Violence in American Schools. New York: Cambridge University Press.
  • Ellsworth, Monty J. 1927. ‘The Bath School Disaster: Text & Pictures.’ Retrieved March 7, 2007, from http://.msu.edu/~daggy/tbsd/tbsd-x.htm.
  • Fast, Jonathan D. 2003. ‘After Columbine: How People Mourn Sudden Death.’ Social Work 48: 48491.
  • Fein, Albert 2003. There and Back Again: School Shootings as Experienced by School Leaders. Lanham, MD: Scarecrow.
  • Finley, Laura L. 2007. Encyclopedia of Juvenile Violence. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press.
  • Fox, Cybelle and David J. Harding 2005. ‘School Shootings as Organizational Deviance.’ Sociology of Education 78: 6997.
  • Fox, Cybelle, Wendy D. Roth and Katherine Newman 2003. ‘A Deadly Partnership: Lethal Violence in an Arkansas Middle School.’ Pp. 10131 in Deadly Lessons: Understanding Lethal School Violence, edited by Mark H. Moore, Carol V. Petrie, Anthony A. Braga and Brenda L. McLaughlin. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press.
  • Fullilove, Mindy T., Gina Arias, Moises Nunez, Ericka Phillips, Peter McFarlane, Roderick Wallace, and Robert E. Fullilove III 2003. ‘What Did Ian Tell God?: School Violence in East New York.’ Pp. 198246 in Deadly Lessons: Understanding Lethal School Violence, edited by Mark H. Moore, Carol V. Petrie, Anthony A. Braga and Brenda L. McLaughlin. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press.
  • Furlong, Michael J., Gale M. Morrison, Dewey G. Cornell and Russell Skiba 2004. ‘Methodological and Measurement Issues in School Violence Research: Moving Beyond the Social Problem Era.’ Journal of School Violence 3 ( 2/3 ): 512.
  • Glassner, Barry 1999. The Culture of Fear: Why Americans Are Afraid of the Wrong Things. New York: Basic Books.
  • Gunn, Joshua and David Beard 2003. ‘On the Apocalyptic Columbine.’ Southern Communication Journal 68: 198216.
  • Hagan, John and Carla Shedd 2002. ‘First and Last Words.’ Sociological Methods & Research 31: 21854.
  • Hagan, John, Paul Hirschfield and Carla Shedd 2003. ‘Shooting at Tilden High: Causes and Consequences.’ Pp. 16397 in Deadly Lessons: Understanding Lethal School Violence, edited by Mark H. Moore, Carol V. Petrie, Anthony A. Braga and Brenda L. McLaughlin. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press.
  • Haider-Markel, Donald P. and Mark R. Joslyn 2001. ‘Gun Policy, Opinion, Tragedy, and Blame Attribution: The Conditional Influence of Issue Frames.’ Journal of Politics 63: 52043.
  • Harding, David, Jal Metha and Katherine Newman 2003. ‘No Exit: Mental Illness, Marginality, and School Violence in Wast Paducah, Kentucky.’ Pp. 13262 in Deadly Lessons: Understanding Lethal School Violence, edited by Mark H. Moore, Carol V. Petrie, Anthony A. Braga and Brenda L. McLaughlin. Washington, DC: National Academies Press.
  • Harter, Susan, Sabina M. Low and Nancy R. Whitesell 2003. ‘What Have We Learned from Columbine: The Impact of Self-System on Suicidal and Violent Ideation Among Adolescents.’ Journal of School Violence 2: 326.
  • Heck, William P. 2001. ‘The School Shooter: One Community’s Perspective.’ FBI Law Enforcement Bulletin 70: 913.
  • Heider, Karl G. 1988. ‘The Rashomon Effect: When Ethnographers Disagree.’ American Anthropologist 90: 7381.
  • Henry, Stuart 2000. ‘What Is School Violence? An Integrated Definition.’ Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science 567: 1629.
  • Hunnicut, Susan 2006. School Shootings. Farmington Hills, MI: Greenhaven Press.
  • Jacobs, Mark D. 2002. ‘The School Shooting as a Ritual of Sacrifice.’ Pp. 16982 in Symbolic Childhood, edited by Daniel Thomas Cook. New York: Peter Lang.
  • Jacoby, Jeff 2004. ‘Arafat the Monster.’ Boston Globe, November 11, 2004.
  • Jemphrey, Ann and Eileen Berrington 2000. ‘Surviving the Media: Hillsborough, Dunblane and the Press.’ Journalism Studies 1: 46983.
  • Johnson, John M. 1995. ‘Horror Stories and the Construction of Child Abuse.’ Pp. 1731 in Images of Issues: Typifying Contemporary Social Problems (2nd edn.), edited by Joel Best. Hawthorne, NY: Aldine de Gruyter.
  • Kimmel, Michael S. and Matthew Mahler 2003. ‘Adolescent Masculinity, Homophobia, and Violence.’ American Behavioral Scientist 46: 143958.
  • Kirk, Michael, Miri Navasky and Karen O’Connor 2000. Frontline: The Killer at Thurston High. Alexandria, VA: PBS Video.
  • Kleck, Gary 1999. ‘There Are No Lessons to Be Learned from Littleton.’ Criminal Justice Ethics 18: 603.
  • Klein, Jesse 2005a. ‘America Is from Mars, Europe Is from Venus: How the United States Can Learn from Europe’s Social Work Response to School Shootings.’ School Social Work Journal 30: 124.
  • Klein, Jessie 2005b. ‘Teaching Her a Lesson: Media Misses Boy’s Rage Relating to Girls in School Shootings.’ Crime, Media, Culture 1: 907.
  • Klein, Jessie 2006. ‘Cultural Capital and High School Bullies.’ Men and Masculinities 9: 5375.
  • Kurosawa, Akira 1969. Rashomon: A Film by Akira Kurosawa. New York: Grove Press.
  • Larkin, Ralph 2007. Comprehending Columbine. Philadelphia, PA: Temple University Press.
  • Lawrence, Regina G. 2001. ‘Defining Events: Problem Definition in the Media Arena.’ Pp. 91110 in Politics, Discourse, and American Society: New Agendas, edited by Roderick P. Hart and Bartholomew H. Sparrow. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield.
  • Lawrence, Regina G. and Thomas A. Birkland 2004. ‘Guns, Hollywood, and School Safety: Defining the School-Shooting Problem across the Public Arenas.’ Social Science Quarterly 85: 1193207.
  • Leary, Mark R., Robin M. Kowalski, Laura Smith and Stephen Phillips 2003. ‘Teasing, Rejection, and Violence: Case Studies of the School Shootings.’ Aggressive Behavior 29: 20214.
  • Levin, Jack and James A. Fox 1999. ‘Making Sense of Mass Murder.’ Pp. 17387 in Handbook of Psychological Approaches to Violent Offenders, edited by Vincent B. Van Hasselt and Michel Hersen. Norwell, MA: Kluwer Academic.
  • Levin, Jack and James A. Fox 2001. Dead Lines: Essays in Murder and Mayhem. Neeham Heights, MA: Allyn & Bacon.
  • Lickel, Brian, Toni Schmader and David Hamilton 2003. ‘A Case of Collective Responsibility: Who Else Was to Blame for the Columbine High School Shootings?’ Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin 29: 194204.
  • Maguire, Brendan, Georgie Ann Weatherby and Richard A. Mathers 2002. ‘Network News Coverage of School Shootings.’ Social Science Journal 39: 46570.
  • Mai, Rebecca and Judith Alpert 2000. ‘Separation and Socialization: A Feminist Analysis of the School Shootings at Columbine.’ Journal for the Psychoanalysis of Culture and Society 5: 26475.
  • Martin, Irene Rodriguez 2001. ‘Constructing a Community Response to Violence.’ Smith College Studies in Social Work 71: 34755.
  • Mawson, Anthony R., Peter M. Lapsley, Allan M. Hoffman and John C. Guinard 2002. ‘Preventing Lethal Violence in Schools: The Case for Entry-Based Weapons Screening.’ Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law 27: 24360.
  • McCabe, Kimberly A. and Gregory M. Martin 2005. School Violence, the Media, and Criminal Justice Responses. New York: Peter Lang Pub.
  • McGee, James P. and Caren R. DeBernardo 1999. ‘The Classroom Avenger: A Behavioral Profile of School Based Shootings.’ The Forensic Examiner 8: 168.
  • McGee, James P. and Caren R. DeBernardo 2002. ‘The Classroom Avenger.’ Pp. 23049 in Handbook of Juvenile Forensic Psychology, edited by Neil G. Ribner. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.
  • Meloy, J. Reid, Anthony Hempel, Kris Mohandie, Andrew A. Shive and B. Thomas Gray 2001. ‘Offender and Offence Characteristics of a Nonrandom Sample of Adolescent Mass Murderers.’ Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry 40: 71928.
  • Moore, Mark H., Carol V. Petrie, Anthony A. Braga and Brenda L. McLaughlin 2003. Deadly Lessons: Understanding Lethal School Violence. Washington, DC: National Academies Press.
  • Muschert, Glenn W. 2007. ‘The Columbine Victims and the Myth of the Juvenile Superpredator.’ Youth Violence and Juvenile Justice 5(4) Forthcoming.
  • Muschert, Glenn W. (forthcoming). ‘Frame-Changing in the Media Coverage of a School Shooting: The Rise of Columbine as a National Concern.’ Social Science Journal.
  • Muschert, Glenn W. and Dawn Carr 2006. ‘Media Salience and Frame Changing across Events: Coverage of Nine School Shootings.’ Journalism & Mass Communication Quarterly 83: 74766.
  • Muschert, Glenn W. and Ralph W. Larkin (forthcoming). ‘The Columbine High School Shootings.’ In Crimes of the Century, edited by Frankie Bailey and Steve Chermak. Westport, CT: Praeger.
  • National School Safety Center 2007. ‘School Associated Violent Deaths.’ Retrieved February 2, 2007, from http://www.schoolsafety.us/pubfiles/savd.pdf.
  • Nelson, Jack and Jack Bass 1970. The Orangeburg Massacre. New York: World Publishing.
  • Neroni, Hilary 2000. ‘The Men of Columbine: Violence and Masculinity in American Culture and Film.’ Journal for the Psychoanalysis of Culture and Society 5: 25663.
  • Newman, Katherine 2004. Rampage: The Social Roots of School Shootings. New York: Basic Books.
  • Ogle, Jennifer Paff, Molly Eckman and Catherine Amoroso Leslie 2003. ‘Appearance Cues and the Shootings at Columbine High: Construction of a Social Problem in the Print Media.’ Sociological Inquiry 73: 127.
  • Repenning, Kari, Heather Powell, Amy Doane and Heather Dunkle 2001. ‘Demystifying School Violence: A Local, State, and National Perspective on the Phenomenon of School Violence.’ Journal of Security Administration 24: 4563.
  • Roth, Wendy D. and Jal D. Mehta 2002. ‘The Rashomon Effect: Combining Positivist and Interpretivist in the Analysis of Contested Events.’ Sociological Methods and Research 31: 13173.
  • Samuels, Robert 2000. ‘From Columbine to Professional Wrestling: Psychoanalysis of Postmodern Media Violence.’ Journal for the Psychoanalysis of Culture and Society 5: 3128.
  • Sandler, Pamela and Judith L. Alpert 2000. ‘Violence and Group Dynamics in the High School: The Columbine School Shootings.’ Journal for the Psychoanalysis of Culture and Society 5: 24655.
  • Scharrer, Erica, Lisa M. Wiedman and Kimberly L. Bissel 2003. ‘Pointing the Finger of Blame: News Media Coverage of Popular-Culture Culpability.’ Journalism & Communication Monographs 5: 4998.
  • Schiele, Jerome H. 2001. ‘When White Boys Kill: An Afrocentric Analysis.’ Journal of Human Behavior in the Social Environment 4: 25373.
  • Shepard, Alicia C. 1999. ‘Covering the Big One.’ American Journalism Review 21: 229.
  • Shepard, Alicia C. 2003. ‘Columbine School Shooting: Live Television Coverage.’ Pp. 5781 in Thinking Clearly: Cases in Journalistic Decision-Making, edited by Tom Rosenthiel and Amy S. Mitchell. New York: Columbia University Press.
  • Simpson, Roger and William Coté 2006. Covering Violence: A Guide to Ethical Reporting about Victims and Trauma. New York: Columbine University Press.
  • Smit, Christopher R. 2001. ‘Columbine: An Exploration of the Hyperreal in Television Chaos. Pp. 88101 in Ordinary Reactions to Extraordinary Events, edited by Ray B. Browne and Arthur G. Neal. Bowling Green, OH: Bowling Green University Popular Press.
  • Snell, Clete, Charles Bailey, Anthony Corona and Dalila Mebane 2002. ‘School Crime Policy Changes: The Impact of Recent Highly-Publicized School Crimes.’ American Journal of Criminal Justice 26: 26985.
  • Stein, Howard F. 2000. ‘Disposable Youth: The 1999 Columbine High School Massacre as American Metaphor.’ Journal for the Psychoanalysis of Culture and Society 5: 21736.
  • Stretesky, Paul B. and Michael J. Hogan 2001. ‘Columbine and Student Perceptions of Safety: A Quasi-experimental Study.’ Journal of Criminal Justice 29: 42943.
  • Sullivan, Mercer L. 2002. ‘Exploring Layers.’ Sociological Methods & Research 31: 25585.
  • Sullivan, Mercer L. and Rob T. Guerette 2003. ‘The Copycat Factor: Mental Illness, Guns, and the Shooting Incident at Heritage High School, Rockdale County, Georgia.’ Pp. 2569 in Deadly Lessons: Understanding Lethal School Violence, edited by Mark H. Moore, Carol V. Petrie, Anthony A. Braga and Brenda L. McLaughlin. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press.
  • Tonso, Karen L. 2003. ‘Reflecting on Columbine High: Ideologies of Priviledge in “Standardized” Schools.’ Educational Studies 33: 389403.
  • Vossekuil, Bryan, Marissa Reddy and Robert Fein 2000. ‘Safe School Initiative: An Interim Report on the Prevention of Targeted Violence in Schools.’ Washington, DC: U.S. Secret Service National Threat Assessment Center, U.S. Department of Education, and National Institute of Justice.
  • Vossekuil, Bryan, Marissa Reddy, Robert Fein, Randy Borum and William Modzeleski 2002. ‘The Final Report and Findings of the Safe School Initiative: Implications for the Prevention of School Attacks in the United States.’ Washington, DC: U.S. Secret Service and U.S. Department of Education.
  • Watson, Justin 2002. The Martyrs of Columbine: Faith and the Politics of Tragedy. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.
  • Webber, Julie A. 2003a. Failure to Hold: The Politics of School Violence. New York: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
  • Webber, Julie A. 2003b. ‘Post-Columbine Reflections on Youth Violence as a (Trans)National Movement.’ Pp. 189201 in Education as Enforcement: The Militarization of Schools, edited by Kenneth J. Salkman and David A. Gabbard. New York: RoutledgeFalmer.
  • Weintraub, Phillippe, Harriet L. Hall and Robert S. Pynoos 2001. ‘Columbine High School Shootings: Community Response.’ Pp. 12961 in School Violence: Assessment, Management, Prevention, edited by Mohammad Shafii and Sharon Lee Shafii. Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Publishing.
  • Windham, R. Craig, Lisa M. Hooper and Patricia E. Hudson 2005. ‘Selected Spiritual Religious, and Family Factors in the Prevention of School Violence.’ Counseling & Values 49: 20816.