This paper seeks to give a sense of the diversity of work that falls within the boundaries of ‘cultural citizenship’– a term it locates as emerging from the problematisation of traditional citizenship models by issues of identity and mediation. This paper outlines three distinct strands of cultural citizenship theory, which respectively emphasise multiculturalism, the politics of cultural texts, and dialogical communication. Subsequently, this paper conducts a brief analysis and critique of these strands, enabled by an interrogation of the ways in which they each define and deploy the term ‘culture’. It is argued that for cultural citizenship to develop a more coherent terminological ‘face’, a balance must be struck between a commitment to specificity, and the appeal of abstracted re-imaginings of civil society.