Suicidal and Self-Harm Behaviors in Chronic Pain Patients
Article first published online: 14 NOV 2011
© 2011 Copyright the Authors. Journal compilation © 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Journal of Applied Biobehavioral Research
Volume 16, Issue 2, pages 57–77, June 2011
How to Cite
OKIFUJI, A. and BENHAM, B. (2011), Suicidal and Self-Harm Behaviors in Chronic Pain Patients. Journal of Applied Biobehavioral Research, 16: 57–77. doi: 10.1111/j.1751-9861.2011.00065.x
- Issue published online: 14 NOV 2011
- Article first published online: 14 NOV 2011
The objective of this study was to evaluate past suicidal attempt, history of self-harm, and current suicidal ideation in chronic pain patients. Based upon the review of 260 psychological evaluation reports at a university-based multidisciplinary pain center, we found that 25% reported at least one suicidal attempt or self-harming incident. Current suicidal ideation was reported by 23%. The history of childhood abuse was more common in those with a history of self-harm. Current suicidal ideation was associated with current diagnoses of mood and anxiety disorders. The analyses showed suicidal behaviors and self-harm behaviors are differentially associated with the trauma history. The assessment of self-harm as an independent concept for the risk management of chronic pain patients may be important.