Kelly A. Blasko, MA, Counseling Psychology Doctoral Candidate, The Pennsylvania State University; Jon L. Winek, PhD, Department of Human Development and Psychological Counseling, Appalachian State University; Kathleen J. Bieschke, PhD, Department of Counselor Education, Counseling Psychology and Rehabilitation Services, The Pennsylvania State University.
Therapists’ Prototypical Assessment of Domestic Violence Situations
Article first published online: 8 APR 2007
Journal of Marital and Family Therapy
Volume 33, Issue 2, pages 258–269, April 2007
How to Cite
Blasko, K. A., Winek, J. L. and Bieschke, K. J. (2007), Therapists’ Prototypical Assessment of Domestic Violence Situations. Journal of Marital and Family Therapy, 33: 258–269. doi: 10.1111/j.1752-0606.2007.00020.x
This article is based on the first author’s master’s thesis completed under the direction of Dr. Winek at Appalachian State University. The research was supported in part from a granted award from the Cratis D. Williams Graduate School at Appalachian State University and was the 2003 recipient of the AAMFT Graduate Student Research Award. The authors would like to thank Parrish Paul and Shanti Pepper for their feedback on this manuscript.
- Issue published online: 8 APR 2007
- Article first published online: 8 APR 2007
Prototypical perceptions by therapists have the potential to influence the therapeutic process of assessment. The purpose of this study is to begin to develop an understanding of how prototypes might affect marriage and family therapists’ assessments of domestic violence situations. Participants evaluated one of three domestic violence scenarios that were identical in dynamics but different in terms of sexual orientation of the couple (i.e., heterosexual, gay, or lesbian). The most significant finding was that initial assessments of victim and perpetrator identification and power attribution differed depending on the sexual orientation of the couple. The “man as perpetrator, woman as victim” prototypical paradigm for heterosexual domestic violence emerged. In the same-sex scenarios, often “both” partners were perceived to be indicated both as victim and perpetrator.