Respectively, Research Engineer and Scientist, Upstate Freshwater Institute, Inc., P.O. Box 506, Syracuse, New York 13214; Associate Professor and Graduate Assistant, Department of Chemistry, College of Environment Science and Forestry State University of New York, Syracuse, New York 13210; and Research Scientist, Upstate Freshwater Institute, Inc., P.O. Box 506, Syracuse, New York 13214.
OPTICAL IMPACTS AND SOURCES OF SUSPENDED SOLIDS IN ONONDAGA CREEK, U.S.A.1
Article first published online: 8 JUN 2007
JAWRA Journal of the American Water Resources Association
Volume 28, Issue 2, pages 251–262, April 1992
How to Cite
Effler, S. W., Johnson, D. L., Jiao, J. F. and Perkins, M. (1992), OPTICAL IMPACTS AND SOURCES OF SUSPENDED SOLIDS IN ONONDAGA CREEK, U.S.A.. JAWRA Journal of the American Water Resources Association, 28: 251–262. doi: 10.1111/j.1752-1688.1992.tb03991.x
Paper No. 90087 of the Water Resources Bulletin. Discussions are open until December 1, 1992. (Contribution No. 105 of the Upstate Freshwater Institute, Inc.)
- Issue published online: 8 JUN 2007
- Article first published online: 8 JUN 2007
- secchi disc transparency;
- sediment resus-pension;
- individual particle analysis;
- mud boils
ABSTRACT: The degradation of the optical aesthetics in the mouth of Onondaga Creek, New York, that occurs during high flow periods as a result of the influx of large quantities of suspended solids, is documented. Features of the degradation include very low clarity (Secchi disc minimum of approximately 0.1 m) and a brown ‘muddy’ appearance. The reduced clarity is mostly a result of increased light scattering. Loading and concentration profiles obtained for an approximately 35 km interval above the creek mouth over a wide range of flow indicates most of the suspended solids received during runoff events is resuspended stream sediment and eroded bank material. Application of microscopy-based individual particle analysis techniques indicates that the origin of most of these deposits and much of the suspended solids during runoff events is point source inputs, termed ‘mud boils,’ located approximately 32 km upstream of the creek mouth.