Windemuller and Aalderink, Department of Water Quality, Management, and Aquatic Ecology, Wageningen Agricultural University, The Netherlands; Anderson, Everglades Research and Education Center, University of Florida, P.O. Box 8003, Belle Glade, Florida 33430–8003; and Abtew and Obeysekera, South Florida Water Management District, 3301 Gun Club Road, West Palm Beach, Florida 33416–4680.
MODELING FLOW IN THE EVERGLADES AGRICULTURAL AREA IRRIGATION/DRAINAGE CANAL NETWORK1
Article first published online: 8 JUN 2007
JAWRA Journal of the American Water Resources Association
Volume 33, Issue 1, pages 21–34, February 1997
How to Cite
Windemuller, P., Anderson, D. L., Aalderink, R. H., Abtew, W. and Obeysekera, J. (1997), MODELING FLOW IN THE EVERGLADES AGRICULTURAL AREA IRRIGATION/DRAINAGE CANAL NETWORK. JAWRA Journal of the American Water Resources Association, 33: 21–34. doi: 10.1111/j.1752-1688.1997.tb04079.x
Paper No. 96006 of the Journal of the American Water Resources Association (formerly Water Resources Bulletin). Discussions are open until August 1, 1997. (Contribution from the University of Florida/FAS, Florida Experimental Station, Journal Series No. R-04921.)
- Issue published online: 8 JUN 2007
- Article first published online: 8 JUN 2007
- non-point source pollution;
- surface water hydrology;
- water management
ABSTRACT: The south Florida ecosystem and Lake Okeechobee are important water resource areas that have degraded due to changes in hydroperiod, water supply, and water quality. Approximately 56 percent of the total phosphorus in water discharged from the Everglades Agricultural Area (EAA) is in particulate form. Currently, farm-level best management practices are being implemented in the effort to reduce total phosphorus and sediment in off-farm discharges. The objective of this work was to develop and calibrate a model describing water movement in primary EAA canals as a first step to development of a water quality (i.e., nutrient, sediment) model. The Netherlands-developed mechanistic flow and water quality model (DUFLOW) was adapted for the EAA. Flow, stage, geometry, canal network, and meteorological data, October 13, 1993, to February 13, 1994, were used to adapt and calibrate the DUFLOW model for EAA water level and flow in primary canals. Direct runoff discharge into the primary canals from farm-pump stations was used as runoff input for the model. The model results are comparable to an independently-calculated water balance for the EAA. The calibrated flow model will be the basis for the calibration of sediment and chemical transport in the future.