Respectively (Hurd, Jones, and Smith), Senior Associates and Principal, Stratus Consulting Inc., P.O. Box 4059, Boulder, Colorado 80306–4059; and (Leary) Technical Support Unit Director, IPCC Working Group II, 400 Virginia Ave., S.W., Suite 750, Washington, B.C. 20024 (E-Mail/Hurd: firstname.lastname@example.org).
RELATIVE REGIONAL VULNERABILITY OF WATER RESOURCES TO CLIMATE CHANGE1
Article first published online: 8 JUN 2007
JAWRA Journal of the American Water Resources Association
Volume 35, Issue 6, pages 1399–1409, December 1999
How to Cite
Hurd, B., Leary, N., Jones, R. and Smith, J. (1999), RELATIVE REGIONAL VULNERABILITY OF WATER RESOURCES TO CLIMATE CHANGE. JAWRA Journal of the American Water Resources Association, 35: 1399–1409. doi: 10.1111/j.1752-1688.1999.tb04224.x
Paper No. 99084 of the Journal of the American Water Resources Association.Discussions are open until August 1, 2000.
- Issue published online: 8 JUN 2007
- Article first published online: 8 JUN 2007
- water resources planning;
- watershed management;
- climate change vulnerability;
- regional studies;
- geographic information system analysis
ABSTRACT: Changes in global climate may alter hydrologic conditions and have a variety of effects on human settlements and ecological systems. The effects include changes in water supply and quality for domestic, irrigation, recreational, commercial, and industrial uses; in instream flows that support aquatic ecosystems, recreation uses, hydropower, navigation, and wastewater assimilation; in wetland extent and productivity that support fish, wildlife, and wastewater assimilation; and in the frequency and severity of floods. Watersheds where water resources are stressed under current climate are most likely to be vulnerable to changes in mean climate and extreme events. This study identified key aspects of water supply and use that could be adversely affected by climate change, developed measures and criteria useful for assessing the vulnerability of regional water resources and water dependent resources to climate change, developed a regional database of water sensitive variables consistent with the vulnerability measures, and applied the criteria in a regional study of the vulnerability of U.S. water resources. Key findings highlight the vulnerability of consumptive uses in the western and, in particular, the southwestern United States. However, southern United States watersheds are relatively more vulnerable to changes in water quality, flooding, and other instream uses.