MANAGEMENT OF FLOOD CONTROL SUMPS AND POLLUTANT TRANSPORT1

Authors

  • Edward H. Smith,

    1. Respectively, Associate Professor, Dept. of Engineering, The American University in Cairo, 113 Kasr El Aini St., P.O. Box 2511, Cairo 11511, Egypt; Senior Environmental Engineer, Associated Consulting Engineers (ACE), P.O. Box 844, Manama, Bahrain; and Vice President, Half Associates, 8616 Northwest Plaza Drive, Dallas, Texas 75225 (E-Mail/Smith: edsmith@aucegypt.edu).
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  • Riyad J. Abumaizar,

    1. Respectively, Associate Professor, Dept. of Engineering, The American University in Cairo, 113 Kasr El Aini St., P.O. Box 2511, Cairo 11511, Egypt; Senior Environmental Engineer, Associated Consulting Engineers (ACE), P.O. Box 844, Manama, Bahrain; and Vice President, Half Associates, 8616 Northwest Plaza Drive, Dallas, Texas 75225 (E-Mail/Smith: edsmith@aucegypt.edu).
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  • Walter Skipwith

    1. Respectively, Associate Professor, Dept. of Engineering, The American University in Cairo, 113 Kasr El Aini St., P.O. Box 2511, Cairo 11511, Egypt; Senior Environmental Engineer, Associated Consulting Engineers (ACE), P.O. Box 844, Manama, Bahrain; and Vice President, Half Associates, 8616 Northwest Plaza Drive, Dallas, Texas 75225 (E-Mail/Smith: edsmith@aucegypt.edu).
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  • 1

    Paper No. 99176 of the Journal of the American Water Resources Association.Discussions are open until October 1, 2001.

Abstract

ABSTRACT: Levee sump systems are used by many riverine communities for temporary storage of urban wet weather flows. The hydrologic performance and transport of stormwater pollutants in sump systems, however, have not been systematically studied. The objective of this paper is to present a case study to demonstrate development and application of a procedure for assessing the hydraulic performance of flood control sumps in an urban watershed. Two sumps of highly variable physical and hydraulic characteristics were selected for analysis. A hydrologic modeling package was used to estimate the flow hydrograph for each outfall as part of the flow balance for the sump. To validate these results, a water balance was used to estimate the total runoff using sump operational data. The hydrologic model calculations provide a satisfactory estimate of the total runoff and its time-distribution to the sump. The model was then used to estimate pollutant loads to the sump and to the river. Although flow of stormwater through a sump system is regulated solely by flood-control requirements, these sumps may function as sedimentation basins that provide purification of stormwater. A sample calculation of removals of several conventional pollutants in the target sumps using a mass balance approach is presented.

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