HYDROLOGIC BEHAVIOR OF VEGETATED ROOFS

Authors

  • Timothy L. Carter,

  • Todd C. Rasmussen

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    • Respectively, Post-Doctoral Researcher, River Basin Center, Institute of Ecology, The University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia 30602; and Associate Professor, Warnell School of Forest Resources, The University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia 30602 (E-Mail/Carter: tlcarter@gmail.com.


  • Paper No. 05090 of the Journal of the American Water Resources Association (JAWRA.)

Abstract

ABSTRACT: Control of stormwater runoff from impervious surfaces is an important national goal because of disruptions to downstream ecosystems, water users, and property owners caused by increased flows and degraded quality. One method for reducing stormwater is the use of vegetated (green) roofs, which efficiently detain and retain stormwater when compared to conventional (black) roofs. A paired green roof-black roof test plot was constructed at the University of Georgia and monitored between November 2003 and November 2004 for the green roof's effectiveness in reducing stormwater flows. Stormwater mitigation performance was monitored for 31 precipitation events, which ranged in depth from 0.28 to 8.43 cm. Green roof precipitation retention decreased with precipitation depth; ranging from just under 90 percent for small storms (< 2.54 cm) to slightly less than 50 percent for larger storms (> 7.62 cm). Runoff from the green roof was delayed; average runoff lag times increased from 17.0 minutes for the black roof to 34.9 minutes for the green roof, an average increase of 17.9 minutes. Precipitation and runoff data were used to estimate the green roof curve number, CN = 86. This information can be used in hydrologic models for developing stormwater mitigation programs.

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