SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

Literature Cited

  • Alberti, M., 2005. The Effects of Urban Patterns on Ecosystem Function. International Regional Science Review 28:168-192.
  • Alberti, M., D. Booth, K. Hill, B. Coburn, C. Avolio, S. Coe, and D. Spirandelli, 2007. The Impact of Urban Patterns on Aquatic Ecosystems: An Empirical Analysis in Puget Lowland Sub-Basins. Landscape and Urban Planning 80:345-361.
  • Alberti, M., J.M. Marzuluff, E. Shulenberger, G. Bradley, C. Ryan, and C. Zumbrunnen, 2003. Integrating Humans Into Ecology: Opportunities and Challenges for Studying Urban Ecosystems. BioScience 53:1169-1179.
  • Alig, R.J., J.D. Kline, and M. Lichtenstein, 2004. Urbanization on the US Landscape: Looking Ahead in the 21st Century. Landscape and Urban Planning 69:219-234.
  • Alig, R.J., A.J. Plantinga, S. Ahn, and J.D. Kline, 2003. Land Use Changes Involving Forestry in the United States: 1952 to 1997, With Projections to 2050. Gen. Tech. Rep. PNW-GTR-587. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station, Portland, Oregon, 92 pp.
  • Allan, J.D., 2004. Landscapes and Riverscapes: The Influence of Land use on Stream Ecosystems. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics 35:257-284.
  • Arthington, A.H., S.E. Bunn, N.L. Poff, and R.J. Naiman, 2006. The Challenge of Providing Environmental Flow Rules to Sustain River Ecosystems. Ecological Applications 16:1311-1318.
  • Baker, D.B., R.P. Richards, T.T. Loftus, and J.W. Kramer, 2004. A new Flashiness Index: Characteristics and Applications to Midwestern Rivers and Streams. Journal of the American Water Resources Association 40(2):503-522.
  • Beechie, T., E. Buhle, M. Ruckelshaus, A. Fullerton, and L. Holsinger, 2006. Hydrologic Regime and the Conservation of Salmon Life History Diversity. Ecological Conservation 130:560-572.
  • Booth, D.B., 1991. Urbanization and the Natural Drainage System – Impacts, Solutions, and Prognoses. The Northwest Environmental Journal 7:93-118.
  • Booth, D.B., 2005. Challenges and Prospects for Restoring Urban Streams: A Perspective From the Pacific Northwest of North America. Journal of North American Benthological Society 24:724-737.
  • Booth, D.B., D. Hartley, and R. Jackson, 2002. Forest Cover, Impervious-Surface Area, and the Mitigation of Stormwater Impacts. Journal of the American Water Resources Association 38:835-845.
  • Booth, D.B., R.A. Haugerud, and J. Sacket, 2002. Geologic map of King County, Washington, scale 1:100,000.
  • Booth, D.B., R.A. Haugerud, and K.G. Troost, 2003. The Geology of Puget Lowland Rivers. In : Restoration of Puget Sound Rivers, D.A.Montgomery, et al. (Editor). University of Washington Press, Seattle, Washington, pp. 14-45.
  • Booth, D.B. and C.R. Jackson, 1997. Urbanization of Aquatic Systems: Degradation Thresholds, Stormwater Detection, and the Limits of Mitigation. Journal of the American Water Resources Association 3:1077-1090.
  • Booth, D.B., J.R. Karr, S. Schauman, C.P. Konrad, S.A. Morley, M.G. Larson, and S.J. Burges, 2004. Reviving Urban Streams: Land Use, Hydrology, Biology, and Human Behavior. Journal of the American Water Resources Association 40:1351-1364.
  • Brett, M.T., G.B. Arhonditsis, S.E. Mueller, D.M. Hartley, J.D. Frodge, and D.E. Funke, 2005. Non-Point-Source Impacts on Stream Nutrient Concentrations Along a Forest to Urban Gradient. Environmental Management 35:330-342.
  • Bunn, S.E. and A.H. Arthington, 2002. Basic Principles and Ecological Consequences of Altered Flow Regimes for Aquatic Biodiversity. Environmental Management 30:492-507.
  • Carle, M.V., P.N. Halpin, and C.A. Stow, 2005. Patterns of Watershed Urbanization and Impacts on Water Quality. Journal of the American Water Resources Association 41:693-708.
  • Cassin, J., R. Fuerstenberg, L. Tear, K. Whiting, D. St. John, B. Murray, and J. Burkey, 2005. Development of Hydrological and Biological Indicators o Flow Alteration in Puget Sound Lowland Streams. King County Department of Natural Resources and Parks, Water and Land Resources Division, Seattle, Washington. http://your.kingcounty.gov/dnrp/library/2005/kcr1906.pdf, accessed September 29, 2007.
  • Clausen, B. and B.J.F. Biggs, 1997. Relationships Between Benthic Biota and Hydrological Indices in New Zealand Streams. Freshwater Biology 38:327-342.
  • Clausen, B. and B.J.F. Biggs, 2000. Flow Variables for Ecological Studies in Temperature Streams: Groupings Based on Covariance. Journal of Hydrology 237:184-197.
  • Daly, C., W.P. Gibson, G.H. Taylor, G.L. Johnson, and P. Pasteris, 2002. A Knowledge-Based Approach to the Statistical Mapping of Climate. Climate Research 22:99-113.
  • Doberstein, C.P., J.R. Karr, and L.L. Conquest, 2000. The Effect of Fixed-Count Subsampling on Macroinvertebrate Biomonitoring in Small Streams. Freshwater Biology 44:355-371.
  • Executive Committee. 2006. Miller Creek and Walker Creeks Basin Plan: Executive Proposed – February 2006. Prepared by The Resource Group Consultants, Inc. http://www.kingcounty.gov/environment/watersheds/central-puget-sound/miller-walker-creeks/basin-plan.aspx, accessed April 9, 2008.
  • Fitzpatrick, F.A., M.A. Harris, T.L. Arnold, and K.D. Richards, 2004. Urbanization Influences on Aquatic Communities in Northeastern Illinois Streams. Journal of the American Water Resources Association 40:461-475.
  • Fore, L.S., J.R. Karr, and R.W. Wisseman, 1996. Assessing Invertebrate Responses to Human Activities: Evaluating Alternative Approaches. Journal of North American Benthological Society 15:212-231.
  • Frissel, C.A., 1993. Topology of Extinction and Endangerment of Native Fishes in the Pacific Northwest and California (U.S.A). Conservation Biology 7:342-354.
  • Hatt, B.E., T.D. Fletcher, C.J. Walsh, and S.L. Taylor, 2004. The Influence of Urban Density and Drainage Infrastructure on the Concentrations and Loads of Pollutants in Small Streams. Environmental Management 34:112-124.
  • Hill, K., E. Botsford, and D.B. Booth, 2003. A Rapid Land Cover Classification Method for Use in Urban Watershed Analysis. University of Washington, Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Seattle, Washington. Water Resources Series Technical Report No. 173.
  • Holman-Dodds, J.K., A.A. Bradley, and K.W. Potter, 2003. Evaluation of Hydrologic Benefits of Infiltration Based Urban Storm Water Management. Journal of the American Water Resources Association 39:205-215.
  • Hood, M.J., J.C. Clausen, and G.S. Warner 2007. Comparison of Stormwater lag Times for low Impact and Traditional Residential Development. Journal of the American Water Resources Association 43(4):1036-1046, doi: 10.1111/j.1752-1688.2007.00085.x.
  • Horner, R., C. May, E. Livingston, D. Blaha, M. Scoggins, J. Tims, and J. Maxted, 2002. Structural and Non-Structural BMPs for Protecting Streams. In: Linking Stormwater BMP Designs and Performance to Receiving Water Impact Mitigation: Proceedings of an Engineering Foundation Conference, August 19-24, 2001, Snowmass Village, CO. Ben R.Urbonas (Editor), ASCE, Reston, Virginia, pp. 60-77.
  • Horner, R.R., C.W. May, E.H. Livingston, and J. Maxted, 1999. Impervious Cover, Aquatic Community Health, and Stormwater BMPs: Is There a Relationship? In: Proceedings of The Sixth Biennial Stormwater Research and Watershed Management Conference, September 14-17, 1999, Tampa, Florida, http://www.swfwmd.state.fl.us/documents/publications/6thconference_proceedings.pdf .
  • Kaiser, H.F., 1960. The Application of Electronic Computers to Factor Analysis. Educational and Psychological Measurement 20:141-151.
  • Karr, J.R., 1998. Rivers as Sentinels: Using the Biology of Rivers to Guide Landscape Management. Chapter 20. In R.E. Bilby and R.J. Naiman (Editors). Ecology and Management of Streams and Rivers in the Pacific Northwest Coastal Ecoregion. Springer-Verlag, New York.
  • Keenan, J.G. and M.A. Ayers, 2002. Relation of Environmental Characteristics to the Composition of Aquatic Assemblages Along a Gradient of Urban Land Use in New Jersey, 1996-1998. U.S. Geological Survey, West Trenton, NJ. Water Resources Investigations Report 02-4069, 77 pp. http://www.pubs.usgs.gov/wri/wri024069/, accessed February 16, 2007.
  • King County, 2004. King County Impervious/Impacted Surface Interpretation Based on 2000 Imagery. King County GIS Center, Seattle, Washington.
  • Konrad, C.P., 2000. The Frequency and Extent of Hydrologic Disturbances in Streams in the Puget Lowland, Washington. Ph.D. thesis. University of Washington, Seattle, Washington.
  • Konrad, C.P., 2001. Opportunities and Constraints for Urban Stream Rehabilitation. In : Restoration of Puget Sound Rivers, D.R.Montgomery, S.Bolton, D.B.Booth, and L.Wall (Editors). University of Washington Press, Seattle, Washington, pp. 292-317.
  • Konrad, C.P. and D.B. Booth, 2002. Hydrologic Trends Associated With Urban Development for Selected Streams in the Puget Sound Basin, Western Washington. U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 02-4040, 40 pp. http://pubs.usgs.gov/wri/wri024040/pdf/WRIR02-4040.pdf, accessed January 23, 2008.
  • Konrad, C.P. and D.B. Booth, 2005. Hydrologic Changes in Urban Streams and Their Ecological Significance. American Fisheries Society Symposium 47:157-177.
  • Konrad, C.P., D.B. Booth, and S.J. Burges, 2005. Effects of Urban Development in the Puget Lowland, Washington, on Interannual Streamflow Patters: Consequences for Channel Form and Streambed Disturbance. Water Resources Research 41, W07009, doi: 1029/2005WR004097.
  • Konrad, C.P. and S.J. Burges, 2001. Hydrologic Mitigation Using On-Site Residential Storm Water Retention. Journal of Water Resources Planning and Management 127:99-107.
  • Matzen, D.A. and H.B. Berge, 2008. Assessing Small Stream Biotic Integrity Using Fish Assemblages Across an Urban Landscape in the Puget Sound Lowlands of Western Washington. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 137:677-689.
  • Maxted, J., 1999. The Effectiveness of Retention Basins to Protect Downstream Aquatic Life in Three Regions of the United States. In: Conference Proceedings Volume 1. Comprehensive Stormwater and Aquatic Ecosystem Management. First South Pacific Conference, February 22-26, 1999. M.Malone (Editor), Auckland Regional Council, Auckland, New Zealand, pp. 215-222.
  • Maxted, J. and E. Shaver, 1997. The Use of Retention Basins to Mitigate Stormwater Impacts on Aquatic Life. In : Effects of Watershed Development and Management on Aquatic Ecosystems, L.A.Roesner (Editor). ASCE, New York, New York, pp. 494-512.
  • May, C.W., E.B. Welch, R.R. Horner, J.R. Karr, and B.W. Mar, 1997. Quality Indices for Urbanization Effects in Puget Sound Lowland Streams. Water Resources Series Technical Report No. 154. Urban Water Resources Center, Department of Civil Engineering, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington.
  • McClinton, J. and S. Lassiter, 2002. Prime Forestland or Urban Development: Must we Choose? In: Proceedings, Summit 2000: Washington Private Forests, J.Agee (Editor). University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, pp. 21-26.
  • McKinney, M.L., 2002. Urbanization, Biodiversity, and Conservation. BioScience 52:883-890.
  • Morley, S.A., 2000. Effects of Urbanization on the Biological Integrity of Puget Sound Lowland Streams: Restoration With a Biological Focus. M.S. thesis. University of Washington, Seattle, Washington.
  • Morley, S.A. and J.R. Karr, 2002. Assessing and Restoring the Health of Urban Streams in the Puget Sound Basin. Conservation Biology 16:1498-1509.
  • Morse, C.C., A.D. Huryn, and C. Cronan, 2003. Impervious Surface Area as a Predictor of the Effects of Urbanization on Stream Insect Communities in Maine, U.S.A. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment 89:95-127.
  • Nehlsen, W., J.E. Williams, and J.A. Lichatowich, 1991. Pacific Salmon at the Crossroads: Stocks at Risk From California, Oregon, Idaho, and Washington. Fisheries 16(2):4-21.
  • Northwest Environmental Forum, 2006. The Future of Washington’s Working Forest Land Base. Forum Proceedings. College of Forest Resources, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington. Prepared for the Washington Department of Natural Resources, Olympia, Washington. http://www.nwenvironmentalforum.org/documents/2006Proceedings.pdf, accessed November 11, 2007.
  • Olden, J.D. and N.L. Poff, 2003. Redundancy and the Choice of Hydrologic Indices for Characterizing Streamflow Regimes. River Research and Applications 19:101-121.
  • Plantinga, A.J., R. Alig, H. Eichman, and D.J. Lewis, 2007. Linking Land-Use Projections and Forest Fragmentation Analysis. Research Paper PNW-RP-570. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Station, Portland, Oregon, 41 pp. http://www.treesearch.fs.fed.us/pubs/26191, accessed September 27, 2007.
  • Poff, N.L., J.D. Allan, M.B. Bain, J.R. Karr, K.L. Prestegaard, B.D. Richter, R.E. Sparks, and J.C. Stromberg, 1997. The Natural Flow Regime: A Paradigm for River Conservation and Restoration. BioScience 47:769-784.
  • Poff, N.L., B.P. Bledsoe, and C.O. Cuhaciyan, 2006. Hydrologic Variation With Land use Across the Contiguous United States: Geomorphic and Ecological Consequences for Stream Ecosystems. Geomorphology 79:264-285.
  • Richter, B.D., J.V. Baumgartner, D.P. Braun, and J. Powell, 1998. A Spatial Assessment of Hydrologic Alteration Within a River Network. Regulated Rivers: Research and Management 14:329-340.
  • Richter, B.D., J.V. Baumgartner, J. Powell, and D.P. Braun, 1996. A Method for Assessing Hydrologic Alteration Within Ecosystems. Conservation Biology 10:1163-1174.
  • Richter, B.D., J.V. Baumgartner, R. Wigington, and D.P. Braun, 1997. How Much Water Does a River Need? Freshwater Biology 37:231-249.
  • Roy, A.H., A.D. Rosemond, M.J. Paul, D.S. Leigh, and J.B. Wallace, 2003. Stream Macroinvertebrate Response to Catchment Urbanization (Georgia, U.S.A.). Freshwater Biology 48:329-346.
  • Sanborn, S.C. and B.P. Bledsoe, 2006. Predicting Streamflow Regime Metrics for Ungauged Streams in Colorado, Washington, and Oregon. Journal of Hydrology 325:241-261.
  • Shiau, J.-T. and F.-C. Wu, 2004. Feasible Diversion and Instream Flow Release Using Range of Variability Approach. Journal of Water Resources Planning and Management 130:395-404.
  • Stewart, K.W. and B.P. Stark, 1988. Nymphs of North American Stonefly Genera (Plecoptera). Entomological Society of America, Thomas Say Foundation, 12:460.
  • Verhoeven, K.J.F., K.L. Simonsen, and L.M. McIntyre, 2005. Implementing False Discovery Rate Control: Increasing Your Power. Oikos 108:643-647.
  • Vitousek, P.M., H.A. Mooney, J. Lubchenco, and J.M. Melillo, 1997. Human Domination of Earth’s Ecosystems. Science 277:494-499.
  • Walsh, C.J., 2004. Protection of In-Stream Biota From Urban Impacts: Minimize Catchment Imperviousness or Improve Drainage Design? Marine and Freshwater Research 55:317-326.
  • Walsh, C.J., A.H. Roy, J.W. Feminella, P.D. Cottingham, P.M. Groffman, and R.P. Morgan, 2005. The Urban Stream Syndrome: Current Knowledge and the Search for a Cure. J. N. Amer. Benthol. Soc. 24:706-723.
  • Wang, L., J. Lyons, P. Kanehl, R. Bannerman, and E. Emmons, 2000. Watershed Urbanization and Challenges in Fish Communities in Southeastern Wisconsin Streams. Journal of the American Water Resources Association 36:1173-1189.