Paper No. JAWRA-10-0109-P of the Journal of the American Water Resources Association (JAWRA). Discussions are open until six months from print publication.
Field Application of a Renewable Constructed Wetland Substrate for Phosphorus Removal1
Article first published online: 8 JUN 2011
© 2011 American Water Resources Association
JAWRA Journal of the American Water Resources Association
Volume 47, Issue 4, pages 800–812, August 2011
How to Cite
Rosenquist, S. E., Hession, W. C., Eick, M. J. and Vaughan, D. H. (2011), Field Application of a Renewable Constructed Wetland Substrate for Phosphorus Removal. JAWRA Journal of the American Water Resources Association, 47: 800–812. doi: 10.1111/j.1752-1688.2011.00557.x
- Issue published online: 25 JUL 2011
- Article first published online: 8 JUN 2011
- Received July 13, 2010; accepted March 21, 2011.
- best management practices;
- environmental impacts;
- stormwater management;
- constructed wetland substrates
Rosenquist, Shawn E., W. Cully Hession, Matthew J. Eick, and David H. Vaughan, 2011. Field Application of a Renewable Constructed Wetland Substrate for Phosphorus Removal. Journal of the American Water Resources Association (JAWRA) 47(4):800-812. DOI: 10.1111/j.1752-1688.2011.00557.x
Abstract: Phosphorus (P) is typically the best target to prevent eutrophication in freshwater, a biological process associated with water quality degradation. Constructed wetlands (CW) and other practices that include P removal by sorption processes in substrates can provide economical treatment of stormwater, but have limitations (e.g., large land requirements, loss of removal over time, lack of P recovery). Over the last three years, a multi-study research program addressed these limitations with a new P management concept. This concept minimizes CW size with a rejuvenation cycle (or rejuvenation) that renews P-sorption capacity in the CW substrates and enables P recovery for productive use. This study, conducted in Blacksburg, Virginia (July-September 2009), tested the efficacy of rejuvenation in the field. Methods included replicate cells of two sand substrates monitored for P removal during prerejuvenation and postrejuvenation filtration runs. One substrate contained cast iron filings as a repository for sorption capacity. Results support the following conclusions: (1) P removal is likely dependent on multiple factors including influent P concentration, previous substrate/solution equilibrium, pH, and time; (2) rejuvenation is capable of releasing P adsorbed during stormwater filtration; (3) inclusion of cast iron in substrate promotes additional P removal and enables further removal after rejuvenation; but (4) inclusion of cast iron may limit release of P during rejuvenation.