SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

Literature cited

  • Anderson, A. R., J. E. Collinge, A. A. Hoffmann, M. Kellett, and S. W. McKechnie. 2003. Thermal tolerance trade-offs associated with the right arm of chromosome 3 and marked by the hsr-omega gene in Drosophila melanogaster. Heredity 90:194202.
  • Ashton, K. G., and C. R. Feldman. 2003. Bergmann’s rule in nonavian reptiles: turtles follow it, lizards and snakes reverse it. Evolution 57:11511163.
  • Ashton, K. G., M. C. Tracy, and A. De Queiroz. 2000. Is Bergmann’s rule valid for mammals? American Naturalist 156:390415.
  • Atkinson, D. 1994. Temperature and organism size – a biological law for ectotherms?. Advances in Ecological Research 25:158.
  • Ayala, F. J., L. Serra, and A. Prevosti. 1989. A grand experiment in evolution: the Drosophila subobscura colonization of the Americas. Genome 31:246255.
  • Azevedo, R. B. R., A. C. James, J. McCabe, and L. Partridge. 1998. Latitudinal variation of wing:thorax size ratio and wing-apsect ratio in Drosophila melanogaster. Evolution 52:13531362.
  • Balanyà, J., C. Segarra, A. Prevosti, and L. Serra. 1994. Colonization of America by Drosophila subobscura: the founder event and a rapid expansion. Journal of Heredity 85:427432.
  • Balanyà, J., L. Serra, G. W. Gilchrist, R. B. Huey, M. Pascual, F. Mestres, and E. Sole. 2003. Evolutionary pace of chromosomal polymorphism in colonizing populations of Drosophila subobscura: an evolutionary time series. Evolution 57:18371845.
  • Balanyà, J., J. M. Oller, R. B. Huey, G. W. Gilchrist, and L. Serra. 2006. Global genetic change tracks global climate warming in Drosophila subobscura. Science 313:17731775.
  • Beckenbach, A. T., and A. Prevosti. 1986. Colonization of North America by the European species, Drosophila subobscura and D. ambigua. American Midland Naturalist 115:1018.
  • Bharathi, N. S., N. G. Prasad, M. Shakarad, and A. Joshi. 2003. Variation in adult life history and stress resistance across five species of Drosophila. Journal of Genetics 82:191205.
  • Blanckenhorn, W. U., and M. Demont. 2004. Bergmann and converse Bergmann latitudinal clines in arthropods: two ends of a continuum?. Integrative and Comparative Biology 44:413424.
  • Brncic, D., A. Prevosti, M. Budnik, M. Monclus, and J. Ocaña. 1981. Colonization of Drosophila subobscura in Chile. I. First population and cytogenetic studies. Genetica 56:39.
  • Budnik, M., and D. Brncic. 1983. Preadult competition between colonizing populations of Drosophila subobscura and established populations of Drosophila simulans in Chile. Oecologia (Berlin) 58:137140.
  • Calboli, F. C. F., G. W. Gilchrist, and L. Partridge. 2003. Different cell size and cell number contribution in two newly established and one ancient body size cline of Drosophila subobscura. Evolution 57:566573.
  • Carroll, S. P., A. P. Hendry, D. N. Reznick, and C. W. Fox. 2007. Evolution on ecological time-scales. Functional Ecology 21:387393.
  • De Martonne, E. 1925. Traité de Géographie Physique. Armand Colin, Paris.
  • Gaston, K. J. 2003. The Structure and Dynamics of Geographic Ranges. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
  • Gilchrist, G. W., and R. B. Huey. 2004. Plastic and genetic variation in wing loading as a function of temperature within and among parallel clines in Drosophila subobscura. Integrative and Comparative Biology 44:461470.
  • Gilchrist, G. W., R. B. Huey, and L. Serra. 2001. Rapid evolution of wing size clines in Drosophila subobscura. Genetica 112–113:273286.
  • Gilchrist, G. W., R. B. Huey, J. Balanyá, M. Pascual, and L. Serra. 2004. A time series of evolution in action: a latitudinal cline in wing size In South American Drosophila subobscura. Evolution 58:768780.
  • Griffiths, J. A., M. Schiffer, and A. A. Hoffmann. 2005. Clinal variation and laboratory adaptation in the rainforest species Drosophila birchii for stress resistance, wing size, wing shape and development time. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 18:213222.
  • Hoffmann, A. A., and A. R. Weeks. 2007. Climatic selection on genes and traits after a 100 year-old invasion: a critical look at the temperate-tropical clines in Drosophila melanogaster from eastern Australia. Genetica 129:133147.
  • Hoffmann, A. A., R. Hallas, C. Sinclair, and L. Partridge. 2001. Rapid loss of stress resistance in Drosophila melanogaster under adaptation to laboratory culture. Evolution 55:436438.
  • Hoffmann, A. A., A. Anderson, and R. Hallas. 2002. Opposing clines for high and low temperature resistance in Drosophila melanogaster. Ecology Letters 5:614618.
  • Hoffmann, A. A., R. J. Hallas, J. A. Dean, and M. Schiffer. 2003a. Low potential for climatic stress adaptation in a rainforest Drosophila species. Science 301:100102.
  • Hoffmann, A. A., J. G. Sørensen, and V. Loeschcke. 2003b. Adaptation of Drosophila to temperature extremes: bringing together quantitative and molecular approaches. Journal of Thermal Biology 28:175216.
  • Hoffmann, A. A., E. Ratna, C. M. Sgro, M. Barton, M. Blacket, R. Hallas, S. De Garis et al. 2007. Antagonistic selection between adult thorax and wing size in field released Drosophila melanogaster independent of thermal conditions. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 20:22192227.
  • Huey, R. B., G. W. Gilchrist, M. L. Carlson, D. Berrigan, and L. Serra. 2000. Rapid evolution of a geographic cline in size in an introduced fly. Science 287:308309.
  • Huey, R. B., P. E. Hertz, and B. Sinervo. 2003. Behavioral drive versus behavioral inertia in evolution: a null model approach. American Naturalist 161:357366.
  • Huey, R. B., G. W. Gilchrist, and A. P. Hendry 2005. Using invasive species to study evolution. In D. F.Sax, S. D.Gaines, and J. J.Stachowicz, eds. Species Invasions: Insights into Ecology, Evolution, and Biogeography, pp. 139164. Sinauer Associates, Sunderland, MA.
  • Karan, D., and R. Parkash. 1998. Desiccation tolerance and starvation resistance exhibit opposite latitudinal clines in Drosophila kikkawai. Ecological Entomology 23:391396.
  • Karan, D., N. Dahiya, A. K. Munjal, P. Gibert, B. Moreteau, R. Parkash, and J. R. David. 1998. Desiccation and starvation tolerance of adult Drosophila: opposite latitudinal clines in natural populations of three different species. Evolution 52:825831.
  • Kellermann, V. M., B. Van Heerwaarden, A. A. Hoffmann, and C. M. Sgro. 2006. Very low additive genetic variance and evolutionary potential in multiple populations of two rainforest Drosophila species. Evolution 60:11041108.
  • Kirkpatrick, M., and N. H. Barton. 1997. Evolution of a species’ range. American Naturalist 150:123.
  • Krimbas, C. B. 1993. Drosophila Subobscura: Biology, Genetics, and Inversion Polymorphism. Verlag Dr Kovac, Hamburg.
  • Magiafoglou, A., and A. Hoffmann. 2003. Thermal adaptation in Drosophila serrata under conditions linked to its southern border: unexpected patterns from laboratory selection suggest limited evolutionary potential. Journal of Genetics J. Genet 82:179189.
  • Misra, R. K., and E. C. R. Reeve. 1964. Clines in body dimensions in populations of Drosophila subobscura. Genetical Research, Cambridge 5:240256.
  • Morin, J. P., B. Moreteau, G. Petavy, and J. R. David. 1999. Divergence of reaction norms of size characters between tropical and temperate populations of Drosophila melanogaster and D. simulans. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 12:329339.
  • Orengo, D. J., and A. Prevosti. 1994. Preadult competition between Drosophila subobscura and Drosophila pseudoobscura. Zeitschrift fuer Zoologische Systematik und Evolutionsforschung 32:4450.
  • Pascual, M., F. J. Ayala, A. Prevosti, and L. Serra. 1993. Colonization of North America by Drosophila subobscura: ecological analysis of three communities of drosophilids in California. Zeitschrift fuer Zoologische Systematik und Evolutionsforschung 31:216226.
  • Pascual, M., L. Serra, and F. J. Ayala. 1998. Interspecific laboratory competition of the recently sympatric species Drosophila subobscura and Drosophila pseudoobscura. Evolution 52:269274.
  • Pascual, M., C. F. Aquadro, V. Soto, and L. Serra. 2001. Microsatellite variation in colonizing and palearctic populations of Drosophila subobscura. Molecular Biology and Evolution 18:731740.
  • Pascual, M., M. P. Chapuis, F. Mestres, J. Balanya, R. B. Huey, G. W. Gilchrist, L. Serra et al. 2007. Introduction history of Drosophila subobscura in the New World: a microsatellite-based survey using ABC methods. Molecular Ecology 16:30693083.
  • Pegueroles, G., M. Papaceit, A. Quintana, A. Guillén, A. Prevosti, and L. Serra. 1995. An experimental study of evolution in progress: clines for quantitative traits in colonizing and Palearctic populations of Drosophila. Evolutionary Ecology 9:453465.
  • Prevosti, A. 1955. Geographic variability in quantitative traits in populations of Drosophila subobscura. Cold Spring Harbor Symposia on Quantitative Biology 20:294298.
  • Prevosti, A., L. Serra, G. Ribo, M. Aguade, E. Sagarra, M. Monclus, and M. P. Garcia. 1985. The colonization of Drosophila subobscura in Chile. II. Clines in the chromosomal arrangements. Evolution 39:838844.
  • Prevosti, A., G. Ribo, L. Serra, M. Aguade, J. Balañà, M. Monclus, and F. Mestres. 1988. Colonization of America by Drosophila subobscura: experiment in natural populations that supports the adaptive role of chromosomal-inversion polymorphism. Proceedings of the National Academy of Science USA 85:55975600.
  • R Development Core Team. 2006. R: A Language and Environment for Statistical Computing. Vienna, Austria. http://www.R-project.org
  • Reeve, J. P., and D. J. Fairbairn. 1996. Sexual size dimorphism as a correlated response to selection on body size: an empirical test of the quantitative genetic model. Evolution 50:19271938.
  • Ricci, M., and M. Budnik. 1984. Influence of temperature, density and interspecific competition on the preadult development of Chilean populations of Drosophila subobscura and Drosophila immigrans. Brazilian Journal of Genetics 7:255264.
  • Roberts, S. P., M. R. Frazier, S. D. Kirkton, and J. F. Harrison. 2001. Temperature sensitivity of Drosophila development and flight performance. American Zoologist 41:1570.
  • Robinson, S. J. W., B. Zwaan, and L. Partridge. 2000. Starvation resistance and adult body composition in a latitudinal cline of Drosophila melanogaster. Evolution 54:18191824.
  • Rozas, J., M. Hernendez, V. M. Cabrera, and A. Prevosti. 1990. Colonization of America by Drosophila subobscura: effect of the founder event on the mitochondrial DNA polymorphism. Molecular Biology and Evolution 7:103109.
  • Santos, M., W. Cespedes, J. Balanyá, V. Trotta, F. C. F. Calboli, A. Fontdevila, and L. Serra. 2005. Temperature-related genetic changes in laboratory populations of Drosophila subobscura: evidence against simple climatic-based explanations for latitudinal clines. American Naturalist 165:258273.
  • Schmidt, P. S., L. Matzkin, M. Ippolito, and W. F. Eanes. 2005. Geographic variation in diapause incidence, life-history traits, and climatic adaptation in Drosophila melanogaster. Evolution 59:17211732.
  • Sorensen, J. G., F. M. Norry, A. C. Scannapieco, and V. Loeschcke. 2005. Altitudinal variation for stress resistance traits and thermal adaptation in adult Drosophila buzzatii from the New World. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 18:829837.
  • Stockwell, C. A., A. P. Hendry, and M. T. Kinnison. 2003. Contemporary evolution meets conservation biology. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 18:94101.