SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

Literature cited

  • Bao, Y., P. Bolotov, D. Dernovoy, B. Kiryutin, L. Zaslavasky, T. Tatusova, J. Ostell et al. 2008. The influenza virus resource at the National Center for Biotechnology Information. Journal of Virology 82:596601.
  • Bean, W. J., M. Schell, J. Katz, Y. Kawaoka, C. Naeve, O. Gorman, and R. G. Webster. 1992. Evolution of the H3 influenza virus hemagglutinin from human and nonhuman hosts. Journal of Virology 66:11291138.
  • Bellrose, F. C. 1980. Ducks, Geese and Swans of North America, 3rd edn. Stackpole Books, Harrisburg, Pennsylvania.
  • Bragstad, K., P. H. Jørgensen, K. J. Handberg, S. Mellergaard, S. Corbet, and A. Fomsgaard. 2005. New avian influenza A virus subtype combination H5N7 identified in Danish mallard ducks. Virus Research 109:181190.
  • Chan, C., K. Lin, Y. Chan, Y. Wang, Y. Chi, H. Tu, H. K. Shieh et al. 2006. Amplification of the entire genome of influenza A virus H1N1 and H3N2 subtypes by reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction. Journal of Virology Methods 136:3843.
  • Clark, L., and J. Hall. 2006. Avian influenza in wild birds: status as reservoirs, and risks to humans and agriculture. Ornithological Monographs 60:329.
  • Dugan, V. G., R. Chen, D. J. Spiro, N. Sengamalay, J. Zaborsky, and E. Ghedin. 2008. The evolutionary genetics and emergence of avian influenza viruses in wild birds. PLoS Pathogens 4:e1000076.
  • Excoffier, L., G. Laval, and S. Schneider. 2005. arlequin, version 3.1: an integrated software package for population genetics data analysis. Evolutionary Bioinformatics Online 1:4750.
  • Hatchette, T. F., D. Walker, C. Johnson, A. Baker, S. P. Pryor, and R. G. Webster. 2004. Influenza A viruses in feral Canadian ducks: extensive reassortment in nature. Journal of General Virology 85:23272337.
  • Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza Early Detection Data System. 2008. National avian influenza surveillance information. http://wildlifedisease.nbii.gov/ai/index.jsp (last accessed on 8 April 2009).
  • Hoffmann, E., J. Stech, Y. Guan, R. G. Webster, and D. R. Perez. 2001. Universal primer set for the full-length amplification of all influenza A viruses. Archives of Virology 146:22752289.
  • Ip, H. S., P. L. Flint, J. C. Franson, R. J. Dusek, D. V. Derksen, R. E. Gill, C. R. Ely et al. 2008. Prevalence of influenza A viruses in wild migratory birds in Alaska: patterns of variation in detection at a crossroads of intercontinental flyways. Virology Journal 5:71.
  • Ito, T., K. Okazaki, Y. Kawaoka, A. Takada, R. G. Webster, and H. Kida. 1995. Perpetuation of influenza A viruses in Alaskan waterfowl reservoirs. Archives of Virology 140:11631172.
  • Jackwood, M. W., and D. E. Stallnecht. 2007. Molecular epidemiologic studies on North American H9 avian influenza virus isolates from waterfowl and shorebirds. Avian Diseases 51:448450.
  • Jahangir, A., Y. Watanabe, O. Chinen, S. Yamazaki, K. Sakai, M. Okamura, M. Nakamura et al. 2008. Surveillance of avian influenza viruses in northern pintails (Anas acuta) in Tohoku District, Japan. Avian Diseases 52:4953.
  • Jost, L. 2008. GST and its relatives do not measure differentiation. Molecular Ecology 17:40154026.
  • Kimura, M. 1981. Estimation of evolutionary distances between homologous nucleotide sequences. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 78:454458.
  • Koehler, A. V., J. M. Pearce, P. L. Flint, J. C. Franson, and H. Ip. 2008. Genetic evidence of intercontinental movement of avian influenza in a migratory bird: the northern pintail (Anas acuta). Molecular Ecology 17:47544762.
  • Komar, N., and B. Olsen. 2008. Avian influenza virus (H5N1) mortality surveillance. Emerging Infectious Diseases 14:11761178.
  • Krauss, S., C. A. Obert, J. Franks, D. Walker, K. Jones, P. Seiler, P. L. Niles et al. 2007. Influenza in migratory birds and evidence of limited intercontinental virus exchange. PloS Pathogens 3:16841693.
  • Lanave, C., G. Preparata, C. Saccone, and G. Serio. 1984. A new method for calculating evolutionary substitution rates. Journal of Molecular Evolution 20:8693.
  • Latorre-Margalef, N., G. Gunnarsson, V. J. Munster, R. A. M. Fouchier, A. D. M. E. Osterhaus, J. Elmberg, B. Olsen et al. 2008. Effects of influenza A virus infection on migrating mallard ducks. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. Series B: Biological Sciences 276:10291036.
  • Li, O. T. W., I. Barr, C. Y. H. Leung, C. Honglin, G. Yi, J. S. Malik Peiris, and L. L. M. Poon. 2007. Reliable universal RT-PCR assays for studying influenza polymerase subunit gene sequences from all 16 hemagglutinin subtypes. Journal of Virology Methods 142:218222.
  • Liu, J. H., K. Okazaki, G. R. Bai, W. M. Shi, A. Mweene, and H. Kida. 2004. Interregional transmission of the internal protein genes of H2 influenza virus in migratory ducks from North America to Eurasia. Virus Genes 29:8186.
  • Macken, C. A., R. J. Webby, and W. J. Bruno. 2006. Genotype turnover by reassortment of replication complex genes from avian influenza A virus. Journal of General Virology 87:28032815.
  • Marakova, N. V., N. V. Kaverin, S. Krauss, D. Senne, and R. G. Webster. 1999. Transmission of Eurasian avian H2 influenza virus to shorebirds in North America. Journal of General Virology 80:31673171.
  • Miller, M. R., J. Y. Takekawa, J. P. Fleskes, D. L. Orthmeyer, M. L. Cassaza, and W. M. Perry. 2005. Spring migration of northern pintails from California’s Central Valley wintering area tracked with satellite telemetry: routes, timing and destinations. Canadian Journal of Zoology 83:314332.
  • Miyabayashi, Y., and T. Mundkur. 1999. Atlas of Key Sites for Anatidae in the East Asian Flyway. Wetlands International, Tokyo.
  • Munster, V. J., C. Baas, P. Lexmond, J. Waldenstrom, A. Wallensten, T. Fransson, G. F. Rimmelzwaan et al. 2007. Spatial, temporal, and species variation in prevalence of influenza A viruses in wild migratory birds. PLoS Pathogens 3:e61.
  • Nelson, M. I., L. Simonsen, C. Viboud, M. A. Miller, and E. C. Holmes. 2007. Phylogenetic analysis reveals the global migration of seasonal influenza A viruses. PLoS Pathogens 3:e131.
  • Nicolai, C. A., P. L. Flint, and M. L. Wege. 2005. Annual survival and site fidelity of northern pintails banded on the Yukon-Kuskokwim Delta, Alaska. Journal of Wildlife Management 69:12021210.
  • Obenauer, J. C., J. Denson, P. K. Mehta, S. Xiaping, S. Mukatira, D. B. Finkelstein, X. Xu et al. 2006. Large-scale sequence analysis of avian influenza isolates. Science 311:15621563.
  • Page, R. D. M. 1996. TreeView: an application to display phylogenetic trees on personal computers. Bioinformatics 12:357358.
  • Pereda, A. J., M. Uhart, A. A. Perez, M. E. Zaccagnini, L. La Sala, J. Decarre, A. Goijman et al. 2008. Avian influenza virus isolated in wild waterfowl in Argentina: evidence of a potentially unique phylogenetic lineage in South America. Virology 37:363370.
  • Phipps, L. P., S. C. Essen, and I. H. Brown. 2004. Genetic subtyping of influenza A viruses using RT-PCR with a single set of primers based on conserved sequences within the HA2 coding region. Journal of Virology Methods 122:119122.
  • Posada, D., and K. A. Crandall. 1998. Modeltest: testing the model of DNA substitution. Bioinformatics 14:817818.
  • Ronquist, F., and J. P. Huelsenbeck. 2003. MrBayes 3: Bayesian phylogenetic inference under mixed models. Bioinformatics 19:15721574.
  • Spackman, E., D. E. Stallknecht, R. D. Slemons, K. Winker, D. L. Suarez, M. Scott, and D. E. Swayne. 2005. Phylogenetic analyses of type A influenza genes in natural reservoir species in North America reveals genetic variation. Virus Research 114:89100.
  • Spackman, E., K. G. McCracken, K. Winker, and D. E. Swayne. 2007. An avian influenza virus from waterfowl in South America contains genes from North American avian and equine lineages. Avian Diseases 51:273274.
  • Swofford, D. L. 2003. paup*. Phylogenetic Analysis Using Parsimony (*and Other Methods). Version 4. Sinauer Associates, Inc, Sunderland, Massachusetts.
  • Wahlgren, J., J. Waldenstrom, S. Sahlin, P. D. Haemig, R. A. M. Fouchier, A. D. M. E. Osterhaus, J. Pinhassi et al. 2008. Gene segment reassortment between American and Asian lineages of avian influenza virus from waterfowl in the Beringia area. Vector Borne and Zoonotic Diseases 8:783790.
  • Wallensten, A., V. J. Munster, J. Elmberg, A. D. M. E. Osterhaus, R. A. M. Foucheir, and B. Olsen. 2005. Multiple gene segment reassortment between Eurasian and American lineages of influenza A virus (H6N2) in guillemot (Uria aalge). Archives of Virology 150:16851692.
  • Webby, R. J., P. R. Woolcock, S. L. Krauss, D. B. Walker, P. S. Chin, K. F. Shortridge, and R. G. Webster. 2003. Multiple genotypes of nonpathogenic H6N2 influenza viruses isolated from chickens in California. Avian Diseases 47:905910.
  • Webster, R. G., W. J. Bean, O. T. Gorman, T. M. Chambers, and Y. Kawaoka. 1992. Evolution and ecology of influenza A viruses. Microbiology Review 56:152179.
  • Webster, R. G., S. Krauss, D. Hulse-Post, and K. Sturm-Ramirez. 2007. Evolution of influenza A viruses in wild birds. Journal of Wildlife Diseases 43(Suppl.):S1S6.
  • Widjaja, L., S. L. Krauss, R. J. Webby, T. Xie, and R. G. Webster. 2004. Matrix gene of influenza A viruses from wild aquatic birds: ecology and emergence of influenza A viruses. Journal of Virology 78:87718779.
  • Zou, S. 1997. A practical approach to genetic screening for influenza virus variants. Journal of Clinical Microbiology 35:26232627.