• Open Access

Analysis of sustainable pest control using a pesticide and a screened refuge


John Ringland, Department of Mathematics, University at Buffalo, Buffalo, NY 14260, USA.
Tel.: 716 645 6284;
fax: 716 645 5039;
e-mail: ringland@math.buffalo.edu


We describe and analyze a ‘screened refuge’ technique for indefinitely sustaining control of insect pests using transgenic pesticidal crops or an applied pesticide, even when resistance is not recessive. The screen is a physical barrier that restricts pest movement. In a deterministic discrete-time model of the use of this technique, we obtain asymptotic analytical formulas for the two important equilibria of the system in terms of the refuge size and the pest fitnesses, mutation rates, and mobility out of and into the refuge. One of the equilibria is stable and is the point at which the pest population is controlled. The other is a saddle whose stable manifold bounds the basin of attraction of the former: its location provides a measure of the tolerance of the control mechanism to perturbations in the resistant allele density.