The role of soil community biodiversity in insect biodiversity
Version of Record online: 23 FEB 2010
© 2010 The Author. Journal compilation © 2010 The Royal Entomological Society
Insect Conservation and Diversity
Volume 3, Issue 3, pages 157–171, August 2010
How to Cite
BENNETT, A. (2010), The role of soil community biodiversity in insect biodiversity. Insect Conservation and Diversity, 3: 157–171. doi: 10.1111/j.1752-4598.2010.00086.x
- Issue online: 7 JUL 2010
- Version of Record online: 23 FEB 2010
- Accepted 29 January 2010 First published online 23 February 2010 Editor/associate editor: Simon R. Leather
- Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi;
- insect diversity;
- plant diversity;
- soil diversity;
Abstract. 1. This study demonstrates that feedback loops between plants and insects contribute to both plant and insect diversity. Synthesis of several studies reveals that both bottom-up and top-down forces are important for plant and insect communities.
2. Feedback loops between plants and soil organisms contribute to plant and soil diversity. An analysis of multiple systems reveals that pathogens, mutualists, and a wide variety of soil fauna directly influence, and are influenced by, plant diversity.
3. The connection of plant–insect and soil–plant feedback loops leads to the maintenance of all three groups, and the maintenance of these feedback loops crucially affects insect diversity. Examples of the influence of soil community diversity on insect diversity, and the influence of insect diversity on soil community diversity, as well as feedbacks through all three trophic levels are provided.
4. Finally, means of conserving and restoring soil communities to influence the conservation and restoration of insect communities are discussed.