Sown wildflower strips for insect conservation: a review
Version of Record online: 10 MAY 2010
© 2010 The Authors. Insect Conservation and Diversity © 2010 The Royal Entomological Society
Insect Conservation and Diversity
Volume 4, Issue 1, pages 60–80, February 2011
How to Cite
HAALAND, C., NAISBIT, R. E. and BERSIER, L.-F. (2011), Sown wildflower strips for insect conservation: a review. Insect Conservation and Diversity, 4: 60–80. doi: 10.1111/j.1752-4598.2010.00098.x
- Issue online: 10 MAY 2010
- Version of Record online: 10 MAY 2010
- Accepted 30 March 2010 First published online 10 May 2010 Editor/associate editor: Simon R. Leather
- Agri-environmental scheme;
- field margin;
- pollen–nectar flower mixture;
- set aside;
- wildflower areas
Abstract. 1. Sown wildflower strips are increasingly being established in European countries within agri-environmental schemes to enhance biodiversity, especially in intensively used agricultural areas.
2. The regulations vary between countries regarding the seed mixture, intensity of management and period of time over which subsidies are given. Insects in particular are intended to benefit from these schemes.
3. This review treats studies of insect diversity and abundance in sown wildflower strips. Schemes on wildflower strips in several countries in Central and Northern Europe are compared.
4. In a significant majority of studies, sown wildflower strips support higher insect abundances and diversity than cropped habitats. In general, numbers and diversity also tend to be higher than in other margin types such as sown grass margins and natural regeneration, but pollen- and nectar-rich flower mixtures may outperform them.
5. Common species are the main beneficiaries of the establishment of wildflower strips, although some studies point out the presence of rare or declining insect species.
6. Insect groups respond differently to particular characteristics of the strips. Flower abundance, seed mixture, vegetation structure, management, age and landscape have been identified as factors influencing insect abundance and diversity.
7. Future work should address under-represented comparisons, such as with pollen- and nectar-rich seed mixes, and neglected groups, in particular parasitoids. Nevertheless, sown wildflower strips can already be seen as a beneficial measure to enhance insect diversity. This is especially the case, where schemes for sown strips vary within a region to favour different species groups.