The study has been supported by the Finnish Work Environment Fund.
Dental Caries Risk in Relation to Dietary Habits and Dental Services in Two Industrial Populations
Article first published online: 27 APR 2007
Journal of Public Health Dentistry
Volume 54, Issue 3, pages 160–166, June 1994
How to Cite
Masalin, K. E., Murtomaa, H. T. and Sipilä, K. P. J. (1994), Dental Caries Risk in Relation to Dietary Habits and Dental Services in Two Industrial Populations. Journal of Public Health Dentistry, 54: 160–166. doi: 10.1111/j.1752-7325.1994.tb01208.x
- Issue published online: 27 APR 2007
- Article first published online: 27 APR 2007
- Manuscript received: 2/19/93; returned to authors for revision: 6/28/93; accepted for publication: 12/10/93.
- dental caries;
- dietary habits;
- occupational health;
- multivariate analysis
Objectives: Environmental hazards contribute to the poor oral health in many occupations. Among the earliest occupations mentioned are those of the baker and confectionery worker. To determine appropriate ways of promoting oral health in places of work, factors affecting caries susceptibility were studied. Methods: Dental caries status, dietary and dental health behaviors, and salivary microbiologic findings in 338 confectionery and 101 shipyard workers were compared. A caries risk index based on salivary findings was used in log-linear models where the effects of sex, diet, use of dental services, and work environment were studied. Results: Caries experience was found to be high in both populations. Dietary habits were the most important factor affecting caries occurrence and susceptibility. Similar dietary behaviors were found in both groups. Conclusions: The confectionery industry did not seem to be an exceptionally hazardous environment for dental health in general. However, the screening of high-risk workers should be organized. Reimbursement of costs had no major effect on use of dental services or caries risk. Oral health promotion should be integrated with existing occupational health services to improve oral health in industrial populations.