Prevalence of tooth erosion and associated factors in 11-14-year-old Brazilian schoolchildren
Article first published online: 17 AUG 2010
© 2010 American Association of Public Health Dentistry
Journal of Public Health Dentistry
Volume 71, Issue 1, pages 6–12, Winter 2011
How to Cite
Vargas-Ferreira, F., Praetzel, J. R. and Ardenghi, T. M. (2011), Prevalence of tooth erosion and associated factors in 11-14-year-old Brazilian schoolchildren. Journal of Public Health Dentistry, 71: 6–12. doi: 10.1111/j.1752-7325.2010.00194.x
- Issue published online: 18 MAR 2011
- Article first published online: 17 AUG 2010
- Received: 1/15/2010; accepted 7/23/2010.
- tooth erosion;
- risk factors;
Objective: Prevalence data about tooth erosion has attracted increasing attention in the dental community; however, population-based studies that assessed the impact of demographic, socioeconomic, and dietetic predictors on tooth erosion are scarce. This investigation assessed the prevalence of this condition of a sample of 11-14-year-old schoolchildren and the etiological factors.
Method: A cross-sectional study in a multistage random sample of 944, 11-14-year-old Brazilian schoolchildren was conducted in Santa Maria, Brazil. We recorded the prevalence and severity of tooth erosion, dental caries, and dental enamel hypoplasia. Socioeconomic and habits/dietetic data were collected by a structured questionnaire. Data were analyzed using Poisson regression model taking into account the cluster sample.
Results: Prevalence of tooth erosion was low (7.2%). The most affected teeth were the maxillary incisors. Labial surfaces were more often affected than palatal ones. All the erosive lesions observed were confined to the enamel. Older children [prevalence ratio (PR) = 1.71; 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.06-2.76] with dental enamel hypoplasia (PR = 1.98; 95% CI: 1.21-3.22) were more likely to have tooth erosion. No significant association was observed between tooth erosion, dental caries, habits and dietary patterns, and socioeconomic factors.
Conclusion: The data suggest that tooth erosion was associated with age and presence of hypoplasia. It may indicate the need of strategies to diagnose in early stages and to minimize consequences.