Get access

Trends in incidence of oral and pharyngeal carcinoma in Florida: 1981-2008

Authors

  • Susan P. McGorray PhD,

    Corresponding author
    1. University of Florida, College of Public Health and Health Professions, Department of Biostatistics
    2. University of Florida, Southeast Center for Research to Reduce Disparities in Oral Health
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Yi Guo PhD,

    Corresponding author
    1. University of Florida, Southeast Center for Research to Reduce Disparities in Oral Health
    2. University of Florida, College of Medicine, Department of Health Outcomes and Policy
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Henrietta Logan PhD

    Corresponding author
    1. University of Florida, Southeast Center for Research to Reduce Disparities in Oral Health
    2. University of Florida, College of Dentistry, Department of Community Dentistry and Behavioral Science
    Search for more papers by this author

Dr. Susan P. McGorray, Department of Biostatistics, College of Public Health and Health Professions, University of Florida, Box 117450, Gainesville, FL 32610. Tel.: 352-294-1934; Fax: 352-294-1930; e-mail: spmcg@biostat.ufl.edu. Dr. Yi Guo, Department of Health Outcomes and Policy, College of Medicine, University of Florida, 1329 SW 16th St., Room 5130, Gainesville, FL 32608. Tel.: 352-265-8035; Fax: 352-265-8047; e-mail: yiguo@ufl.edu. Dr. Henrietta Logan, Department of Community Dentistry and Behavioral Science, College of Dentistry, University of Florida, Box 103628, Gainesville, FL 32610-3628. Tel.: 352-273-5965; Fax: 352-273-5985; e-mail: hlogan@dental.ufl.edu.

Abstract

Objective: While the overall incidence rates of oral and pharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) have decreased in the United States, there is evidence of increasing incidence at selected anatomic sites, particularly among younger adults. The objective of this study was to examine trends in incidence rates of oral and pharyngeal cancers in Florida.

Methods: Using data from the Florida Cancer Data System, we examined the incidence of oral and pharyngeal carcinomas in Florida from 1981 through 2008. Factors of interest included sex, race, and trends over time. Percent change (PC) and annual percent change (APC) were computed to characterize trends over time.

Results: A total of 53,648 cases of oral or pharyngeal cancer were identified from 1981 through 2008. Significant increasing trends were observed only for pharyngeal cancers in males, with significant decreasing trends for pharyngeal cancer in females and oral cancer for both sexes. For tonsil and base of tongue cancers, increasing trends were detected for white males only. Further investigation among white males showed that, except for base of tongue cancer in the 20-44 age group, the incidence of both cancers increased across all age groups, with the largest increase for both sites found in the 45-64 age group.

Conclusions: This study supports the finding of increasing incidence of SCC of the tonsil and base of tongue in males, in contrast to decreasing trends for most oral and pharyngeal carcinomas. However, we observed that this increase occurred in white males only and the most dramatic increase occurred in the 45-64 age group.

Ancillary