• 1
    Chang M, Liu C, Chen T. Polymethylmethacrylate augmentation of pedicle screw for osteoporotic spinal surgery: a novel technique. Spine. 2008; 33: E317E324.
  • 2
    Stoffel K, Leys T, Damen N, Nicholls RL, Kuster MS. A new technique for cement augmentation of the sliding hip screw in proximal femur fractures. Clin Biomech (Bristol, Avon). 2008; 23: 4551.
  • 3
    Frankel B, Jones T, Wang C. Segmental polymethylmethacrylate-augmented pedicle screw fixation in patients with bone softening caused by osteoporosis and metastatic tumor involvement: a clinical evaluation. Neurosurgery. 2007; 61: 531537; discussion 537–538.
  • 4
    O’Neill P, Parks B, Walsh R, Simmons LM, Schon LC. Biomechanical analysis of screw-augmented intramedullary fixation for tibiotalocalcaneal arthrodesis. Foot Ankle Int. 2007; 28: 804809.
  • 5
    Strauss E, Pahk B, Kummer F, Egol K. Calcium phosphate cement augmentation of the femoral neck defect created after dynamic hip screw removal. J Orthop Trauma. 2007; 21: 295300.
  • 6
    Collinge C, Merk B, Lautenschlager E. Mechanical evaluation of fracture fixation augmented with tricalcium phosphate bone cement in a porous osteoporotic cancellous bone model. J Orthop Trauma. 2007; 21: 124128.
  • 7
    Andreassen G, Høiness P, Skraamm I, Granlund O, Engebretsen L. Use of a synthetic bone void filler to augment screws in osteopenic ankle fracture fixation. Arch Orthop Trauma Surg. 2004; 124: 161165.
  • 8
    Polly DJ, Orchowski J, Ellenbogen R. Revision pedicle screws. Bigger, longer shims-what is best? Spine. 1998; 23: 13741379.
  • 9
    Moore D, Maitra R, Farjo L, Graziano GP, Goldstein SA. Restoration of pedicle screw fixation with an in situ setting calcium phosphate cement. Spine. 1997; 22: 16961705.
  • 10
    Griffon D, Stoller A, Schaeffer D, Seddighi MR, Johnson AL, Kurath P. Evaluation of 2 cement techniques for augmentation of stripped 1.5 mm screw sites in the distal metaphysis of feline radii. Vet Surg. 2005; 34: 223230.
  • 11
    Gosain AK, Riordan PA, Song LS, Amarante MT, Kalantarian B, Nagy PG, Wilson CR, Toth JM, McIntyre BL. A 1-year study of hydroxyapatite-derived biomaterials in an adult sheep model. Part III. Comparison with autogenous bone graft for facial augmentation. Plast Reconstr Surg. 2005; 116: 10441052.
  • 12
    Wu X, Jiang X, Zhang S, Yang HL. Biomechanical evaluation of vertebroplasty using calcium sulfate cement for thoracolumbar burst fractures. Chin J Traumatol. 2007; 10: 327333.
  • 13
    Moroni A, Hoang-Kim A, Lio V, Giannini S. Current augmentation fixation techniques for the osteoporotic patient. Scand J Surg. 2006; 95: 103109.
  • 14
    Milcan A, Ayan I, Zeren A, Sinmazcelik T, Yilmaz A, Zeren M, Kuyurtar F. Evaluation of cyanoacrylate augmentation of transpedicular screw pullout strength. J Spinal Disord Tech. 2005; 18: 511514.
  • 15
    Larsson S. Cement augmentation in fracture treatment. Scand J Surg. 2006; 95: 111118.
  • 16
    Hutchinson GS, Griffon DJ, Siegel AM, Pijanowski GJ, Kurath P, Eurell JA, Johnson AL. Evaluation of an osteoconductive resorbable calcium phosphate cement and polymethylmethacrylate for augmentation of orthopedic screws in the pelvis of canine cadavers. Am J Vet Res. 2005; 66: 19541960.
  • 17
    Eriksson F, Mattsson P, Larsson S. The effect of augmentation with resorbable or conventional bone cement on the holding strength for femoral neck fracture devices. J Orthop Trauma. 2002; 16: 302310.
  • 18
    Zimmermann R, Gabl M, Lutz M, Angermann P, Gschwentner M, Pechlaner S. Injectable calcium phosphate bone cement Norian SRS for the treatment of intra-articular compression fractures of the distal radius in osteoporotic women. Arch Orthop Trauma Surg. 2003; 123: 2227.
  • 19
    Verret D, Ducic Y, Oxford L, Smith J. Hydroxyapatite cement in craniofacial reconstruction. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2005; 133: 897899.
  • 20
    Tyllianakis M, Panagopoulos A, Giannikas D, Megas P, Lambiris E. Graft-supplemented, augmented external fixation in the treatment of intra-articular distal radial fractures. Orthopedics. 2006; 29: 139144.
  • 21
    Tyllianakis M, Giannikas D, Panagopoulos A, Panagiotopoulos E, Lambiris E. Use of injectable calcium phosphate in the treatment of intra-articular distal radius fractures. Orthopedics. 2002; 25: 311315.
  • 22
    Lozano-Calderón S, Moore M, Liebman M, Jupiter JB. Distal radius osteotomy in the elderly patient using angular stable implants and Norian bone cement. J Hand Surg Am. 2007; 32: 976983.
  • 23
    Kanellakopoulou K, Tsaganos T, Athanassiou K, Koutoukas P, Raftogiannis M, Skiadas I, Giamarellou H. Comparative elution of moxifl oxacin from Norian skeletal repair system and acrylic bone cement: an in vitro study. Int J Antimicrob Agents. 2006; 28: 217220.
  • 24
    Stankewich CJ, Swiontkowski MF, Tencer AF, Yetkinler DN, Poser RD. Augmentation of femoral neck fracture fixation with an injectable calcium-phosphate bone mineral cement. J Orthop Res. 1996; 14: 786793.
  • 25
    Horowitz S M, Doty S B, Lane JM, Burstein AH. Studies of the mechanism by which the mechanical failure of polymethylmethacrylate leads to bone resorption. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 1993; 75: 802813.
  • 26
    Manzotti A, Confalonieri N, Pullen C. Grafting of tibial bone defects in knee replacement using Norian skeletal repair system. Arch Orthop Trauma Surg. 2006; 126: 594598.
  • 27
    Goodman SB, Bauer TW, Carter D, Casteleyn P P, Goldstein SA, Kyle R F, Larsson S, Stankewich CJ, Swiontkowski M F, Tencer AF, Yetkinler DN, Poser RD. Norian SRS cement augmentation in hip fracture treatment—Laboratory and initial clinical results. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 1998; 348: 4250.
  • 28
    Gómez E, Martín M, Arias J, Carceller F. Clinical applications of Norian SRS (calcium phosphate cement) in craniofacial reconstruction in children: our experience at Hospital La Paz since 2001. J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2005; 63: 814.
  • 29
    Cassidy C, Jupiter JB, Cohen M, Delli-Santi M, Fennell C, Leinberry C, Husband J, Ladd A, Seitz WR, Constanz B. Norian SRS cement compared with conventional fixation in distal radial fractures. A randomized study. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2003; 85-A: 21272137.
  • 30
    ASTM Designation F 543-01. Standard Specification and Test Methods for Metallic Metal Bone Screws. Book of ASTM Standards. West Conshohocken , PA : American Society for Testing and Materials; 2001.
  • 31
    Materials ASfTa: ASTM Designation F 543-01. Standard Specification and Test Methods for M etallic Metal Bone Screws. Book of ASTM Standards. West Conshohocken , PA : American Society for Testing and Materials; 2001.